melanocyte-stimulating hormone

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melanocyte-stimulating hormone

[mə′lan·ə‚sīt ¦stim·yə‚lād·iŋ ′hȯr‚mōn]
(biochemistry)
A protein substance secreted by the intermediate lobe of the pituitary of humans which causes dispersion of pigment granules in the skin; similar to intermedins in other vertebrates. Abbreviated MSH. Also known as melanophore-dilating principle; melanophore hormone.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Peripheral effect of alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone on fatty acid oxidation in skeletal muscle.
Mutational analysis of melanocortin-4 receptor, agouti-related protein, and alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone genes in severely obese children.
Lipton, "The neuropeptide alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone inhibits experimental arthritis in rats," Neuroimmunomodulation, vol.
Cutaneous immunomodulation and coordination of skin stress responses by alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone. Ann N Y Acad Sci.
Anti-inflammatory properties of various neuropeptides have been identified in the context of positive energy balance, which include alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH-[alpha]), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), and neuropeptide Y (NPY) [10, 50, 51].
Total protein was extracted from HEM cultured in 100 mm Petri dish (3 x [10.sup.6] cells/dish) and treated without (Con) or with 400 nm alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone ([alpha]-MSH) or 1/1000 (v/v) CYM for 48 h.