Alphonse De Candolle

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Candolle, Alphonse De


Born Oct. 27, 1806, in Paris; died Apr. 4, 1893, in Geneva. Swiss botanist. Son of A. P. de Candolle.

Candolle was a professor at the University of Geneva from 1841. He completed the publication of his father’s work Introduction to the Natural System of the Plant Kingdom (vols. 8-17, 1844-74). One of the founders of plant geography, he studied the principles of the distribution of plants in connection with environmental conditions and geological factors. Candolle also investigated the origin of cultivated plants. He initiated the development of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature and wrote a number of works on the history of science.


Géographie botanique raisonnée, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1855.
La Phytographie. Paris, 1880.
In Russian translation:
Mestoproiskhozhdenie vozdelyvaemykh rastenii. Saint Petersburg, 1885.


Briquet, J. Biographies des botanistes à Genève de 1500 à 1931. Geneva, 1940. Pages 130-47. (With bibliography.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
All segregate genera were assumed into Piper by Casimir de Candolle, who prepared the most complete treatment in Alphonse de Candolle's Prodromus (1869), in which only 398 species were recognized.
Boissier, con la excepcion de Quercus Haas que fue identificado por Alphonse De Candolle. Las exsiccata se repartieron con los nombres: E.
Audubon's birds, Jean Henri Fabre's insects, Ronald Lyddeker's mammals, and Alphonse De Candolle's plants.
For data on the genetic relationship between the peach and the nectarine, Moore turned to botanist Alphonse De Candolle's The Origin of Cultivated Plants (1895).
Just as Moore mustered information on the genetic heritage of the Indian buffalo from Pycraft's column and Darwin's Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, so she turns again to Darwin's volume and also to Alphonse De Candolle's Origin of Cultivated Plants to gain scientific insight into the genetic origins of the peach.