Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran

(redirected from Alphonse Laveran)

Laveran, Charles Louis Alphonse

(shärl lwē älfôNs` lävəräN`), 1845–1922, French physician. While an army surgeon in Algiers he discovered (1880) the parasite that causes malariamalaria,
infectious parasitic disease that can be either acute or chronic and is frequently recurrent. Malaria is common in Africa, Central and South America, the Mediterranean countries, Asia, and many of the Pacific islands.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and wrote many treatises on the subject. He received the 1907 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on protozoa in the causation of disease.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Laveran, Charles Louis Alphonse

 

Born June 18, 1845, in Paris; died there May 18, 1922. French physician, microbiologist, and epidemiologist. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1901) and the French Medical Academy (1893).

Laveran completed his medical studies in Strasbourg in 1867. From 1897 until the end of his life he was affiliated with the Pasteur Institute in Paris, where in 1907 he organized (and later directed) a tropical diseases laboratory. In 1880 he discovered the causative agent of malaria.

Laveran’s main works include the study of malaria and its treatment and the investigation of leishmaniasis, tripanosom-iases, and spirillosis. He founded the French Society of Exotic Pathology in 1908 and was an honorary member of many foreign medical societies, including those of St. Petersburg and Batumi. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1907.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Uchenie o voiskovykh bolezniakh i epidemiiakh. St. Petersburg, 1877.
Voennaia gigiena, vols. 1–2. St. Petersburg, 1900.
Paliudizm (Bolotnaia likhoradka). St. Petersburg, 1901.

REFERENCE

Kushev, N. E. “50-letie so dnia otkrytiia Laveranom parazita maliarii.” Vrachebnaia gazeta, 1930, nos. 13–14.

R. S. RABINOVICH

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
French physician Dr Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran discovered the malaria parasite in Algeria in 1880.
Alphonse Laveran, the scientist who discovered the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, died in 1922, the year after Klee finished this arresting painting that evokes the world's tropical areas.
The scientific discovery of its cause, the malaria parasite, is credited to Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran in 1880; and the incrimination of the mosquito as its vector to a group of Italian scientists just before 1900.
* Four Nobel prizes have been awarded for work associated with malaria: to Sin Ronald Ross ill 1909 for discovering the parasite; to Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran in 1907 for finding that it's a protozoa; to Julius Wagner-Jauregg in 1927 for treating people who had become paralyzed front syphillis with malaria; and to Paul Hermann Muller in 1948 for using insecticides to control mosquito-borne diseases.
Alphonse Laveran (1845-1922) demonstrated the parasitic nature of malaria in 1880, and within 20 years Ronald Ross (1857-1932) had discovered the role of mosquitoes in transmitting it.
In 1880 Alphonse Laveran, a French army surgeon, observed the malaria Plasmodium in the first stage of sexual reproduction; in 1894 Patrick Manson shared thoughts with Ronald Ross that the mosquito is malaria host and vector; in 1897 Ronald Ross demonstrated the mosquito's role in malaria transmission and the life cycle of Plasmodium; and in 1898 Giovanni Grassi discovered that the female Anopheles is the carrier of malaria and demonstrated human transmission via mosquito bite.
In 1880, Alphonse Laveran (1845-1922), observing the vigorous writhing of microscopic `flagellated bodies' in the blood of a soldier with malaria realised that the disease was associated with a one-celled animal parasite inhabiting the red cells.
In 1880, Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran observed pigmented parasites in the blood of an Algerian soldier and realized that the parasites, not the patient, produce "malaria pigment." The term "hemozoin" was coined by Louis Westenra Sambon.