Alphonse De Candolle

(redirected from Alphonse Louis Pierre Pyrame de Candolle)
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Candolle, Alphonse De


Born Oct. 27, 1806, in Paris; died Apr. 4, 1893, in Geneva. Swiss botanist. Son of A. P. de Candolle.

Candolle was a professor at the University of Geneva from 1841. He completed the publication of his father’s work Introduction to the Natural System of the Plant Kingdom (vols. 8-17, 1844-74). One of the founders of plant geography, he studied the principles of the distribution of plants in connection with environmental conditions and geological factors. Candolle also investigated the origin of cultivated plants. He initiated the development of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature and wrote a number of works on the history of science.


Géographie botanique raisonnée, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1855.
La Phytographie. Paris, 1880.
In Russian translation:
Mestoproiskhozhdenie vozdelyvaemykh rastenii. Saint Petersburg, 1885.


Briquet, J. Biographies des botanistes à Genève de 1500 à 1931. Geneva, 1940. Pages 130-47. (With bibliography.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.