rock garden

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rock garden,

garden planned around natural rock formations or rocks artificially arranged to simulate natural (often mountainous) conditions. The concept of rock gardens is believed to have been introduced from China and Japan into the Western world in the 17th cent.; they have since gained wide popularity as an ideal method for the cultivation of mountain flora and for beautifying hilly, stony, or other awkward terrain. Rock plants usually have long roots that enable them to obtain moisture even when the surface is hot and dry. Low plants requiring well-drained conditions are suited to rock gardens: besides alpine plantsalpine plants,
high-altitude representatives of various flowering plants (chiefly perennials) that because of their dwarf habit, profuse blooming, and the preference of many for shady places are cultivated in alpine and rock gardens.
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, these include stonecrops and species of columbine, phlox, bluebell, and rockrose.


See E. B. Anderson, Rock Gardens (1964), and H. L. Foster, Rock Gardening (1968).

Rock Garden


a section in a botanical garden, square, or park where mountain (alpine) plants are grown. Rock gardens in botanical gardens are set up on artificial hills where the flora of mountain regions are exhibited. The rock gardens in the botanical gardens in the USSR—for example, the Main Botanical Garden of the USSR Academy of Sciences and the Botanical Garden of Moscow State University in Moscow and the Botanical Garden of the Ukrainian SSR Academy of Sciences in Kiev—primarily exhibit plants of forest, subalpine, and alpine belts of the mountains of the Soviet Union (Carpathians, Caucasus, Altai, etc.). There are large rock gardens in Great Britain—the Botanical Garden in Edinburgh and the Royal Botanical Garden in Kew; in Czechoslovakia (near Prague); in Austria (Innsbruck); and other countries. Rock gardens are also used for decorating parks and squares. Usually small plants with abundant and pretty flowers are selected for this purpose: bellflowers, asters, pinks, dwarf phlox, anemones, and many others as well as low bushes, such as thujas, cypresses, junipers, rhododendrons, and so forth.


rock garden

a garden featuring rocks or rockeries
References in periodicals archive ?
These plants are some of the most reliable available for alpine gardens, but a visit to an alpine nursery will give lots more ideas.
The alpine garden turned into a full rock garden, mainly because the stone we ordered from a local quarry turned out to be more than we anticipated
North East England Alpine Garden Society, talk, Patagonia: Peaks, Plants and People, by Alan Oatway, St Mary's Church Hall, Ponteland, 7.
There will also be the chance to sample the little known wines of Switerland, which are rarely exported, at local vineyards as well as a trip on the cogwheel railway to the highest alpine garden in Europe which boasts more than 1,000 varieties of plants.
Saturday, April 2 North East England Alpine Garden Society, spring show of bulbs, plants, shrubs and alpines, entry PS3, Wentworth Leisure Centre, Hexham, 10am-4pm.
Morag McGrath gives an illustrated talk called Botanising in Bulgaria to the Alpine Garden Society North Wales Group, at 7.
Bear in mind the plant's natural habit when designing an alpine garden and plant moundforming plants like saxifrages close, but not hard up against one another, to show each plant's individual outline.
Twice-married Aileen, who had no children of her own, also had strong connections with the Birmingham Botanical Gardens and was a member of the Alpine Garden Society.
Saturday, April 16 Alpine Garden Society, Midland Show, Arden School, Station Road, Knowle, 12-4pm Sunday, April 17 Mill Dene Gardens, Blockley, Gloucs, is hosting a Royal Horticultural Society Special Event, focusing on spring flowering bulbs.
Professor John Richards gives a talk on the Flowers of Mainland Greece to Alpine Garden Society and Friends of Treborth Garden, 7.
I HAVE stripped off the lawn in my small front garden and want an Alpine garden.
North Wales Alpine Garden Society AGM, 2pm, Methodist Church, Penmaenmawr Road, Llanfairfechan.