Alpine Vegetation

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Alpine Vegetation

 

vegetation found in mountainous countries above subalpine vegetation and forests. Despite belonging to various systematic groups, alpine plants have a number of traits in common, depending on similarity of environmental conditions (such as low temperature, short vegetation period, and rapid variations in temperature and humidity). All plants of this group are low-growing and dwarfish. They have short stems and small leaves, which often cling to the stems. The leaves are frequently leathery and are convolute or thickly covered with little hairs; sometimes they are thick and fleshy, with small sunken stomata in the pith. Typical plant communities of Alpine vegetation are meadows with carpets of short grass and a predominance of grasses (for example, meadow grasses), wood-rushes, milk vetches, crowfoots, primroses, gentians, cinquefoils, wood betony, and others. On stonier ground, typical plants are saxifrage, whitlow grass, and others, as well as thickets of rhododendron. Alpine vegetation is characteristic of the Alps; the Caucasus; the Altai; the northern, central, and eastern parts of the Tien Shan; the mountainous parts of the eastern rim of Central Asia; the Himalayas; and some other high-mountain regions. The Alpine vegetation of different mountain systems has its own characteristic floral composition. The majority of plant genera represented in the various alpine belts are of Asiatic origin. Among Alpine vegetation are many good fodder grasses and decorative plants. Alpine meadows are valuable summer pasture land.

V. N. SUKACHEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Enthusiasts have always enjoyed heated discussions about what constitutes an alpine plant but the definitions have become more all-encompassing.
Because seed germination is an irreversible event, timing of germination is a critical component in the life-cycle of alpine plant species.
2001--Facilitation and competition on gradients in alpine plant communities --Ecology 82(12): 3295-3308.
The cars will have their own individual features and will be assembled at an Alpine plant in Dieppe, France, which employs 300 workers.
The study, which is the largest and most comprehensive of its kind in the world, confirmed that there is a direct link between growing summer temperature and the shift in alpine plant composition.
The Alpine plant currently has capacity to process 10,000 tons of recyclables, including glass, plastic, aluminum, steel and virtually all types of paper, per month, with expansion options.
The first public greenhouse to be constructed at Kew for 20 years, it will provide an identifiable face for the Royal Botanic Garden's renowned alpine collection, while facilitating the optimum environment for sustained alpine plant growth.
This research may demonstrate if pikas place selective pressures on alpine plant phenolic production, and hopefully will provide insight into the evolutionary relationships between these mammals and these plants.
Volunteers from the first and second year students started researching how to propagate edelweiss when they were trying to conserve an endangered alpine plant closely related to edelweiss on the mountain.
Our current understanding of the mechanisms determining alpine plant species' distributions is based mainly on comparative or (less often) experimental studies of growth in adult plants (e.
Earlier, both the companies have partnered to install a new joint venture (JV) to develop and produce future sports vehicles to be marketed under the Alpine brand at Renault's Alpine plant in Dieppe, France.
The root belongs to the small alpine plant Corydalis conorhiza and unlike normal roots, which grow into soil, they extend upward through layers of snow.