Alpine Skiing

(redirected from Alpine skier)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Alpine Skiing

 

a sport in which one descends a mountain on skis along special routes, with the time of descent being recorded precisely.

Alpine skiing competitions include the slalom, the giant slalom, the downhill, and the multievent (two and three events). The slalom (literally, “sloping track” in Norwegian) is a descent down a mountain on skis along a course 450–500 m long with marked turns (width of the turns 3.5–4 m, and distance between them 0.7–15 m). The drop in elevation between the start’and the finish is 60–150 m. En route, skiers develop speeds up to 40 km per hour. They are required to pass through all turns and are removed from the competition for missing turns or cutting them with one ski. The result of the competition is determined on the basis of the total time taken for two descents on two different courses. The giant slalom entails a greater drop in elevation (200–500 m) and a greater course length (800–2,000 m); the turns range as wide as eight m and the distance between them is 15–20 m. On such courses the skier reaches a speed of 65 km per hour. Men make two descents and women one; for men the results are determined by the total time of the two descents. The downhill is a descent along a marked course 2,000–4,000 m long with a drop in elevation between the start and the finish of 500–1,000 m; the speed reaches 90–100 km per hour and in certain sectors of the route more. The skier’s path is determined by a terrain with variable relief and the turns set out on it. The athlete who records the best time in covering the course wins. In slalom and giant slalom competitions, a new course is marked out each time and competitors are not permitted to practice on it. For the downhill, courses are constant and practice on them is permitted before competition. The two-event competition consists of the slalom and the downhill, and the three-event competition includes all three types of alpine skiing.

The first rules for alpine skiing competitions were suggested in the 1920’s by the Englishman A. Lunn. The first downhill competitions were held in Switzerland in 1923. Since 1930 the world championship of alpine skiing has been held regularly. In 1936 alpine skiing was included in the program of the Winter Olympic Games. Alpine skiing has become most widespread in Austria, Switzerland, France, Italy, the Federal Republic of Germany, Japan, and the American continent.

Among non-Soviet alpine skiers, the most outstanding performances have been achieved by T. Sailer of Austria, who won three gold medals in alpine skiing at the VII Olympic Games in Cortina d’Ampezzo in 1956, and J. C. Killy of France, who also won three gold medals in alpine skiing at the X Olympic Games in Grenoble in 1968.

In the USSR the first alpine skiing championship was held in 1934 in Sverdlovsk.

Soviet skiers belong to the Alpine Skiing Federation of the USSR. In 1948 the federation became a member of the International Skiing Federation (FIS), which has a special committee on alpine skiing. The best-known Soviet alpine skiers are the Honored Masters of Sport A. A. Filatov and E. N. Sidorova, who have won USSR championships many times. At the VII Olympic Games, Sidorova won a bronze medal in the slalom competition.

REFERENCES

Rostovtsev, D. E. Gornolyzhnyi sport. Moscow, 1959.
Gornolyzhnyi sport, Moscow, 1963.
Zyrianov, V., and L. Remizov. Tekhnika gornolyzhnogo sporta. Moscow. 1968.
Bonnet, H., and G. Maurois. Lyzhi po-frantsuzski. Moscow, 1970. (Translated from French.)

IU. S. PREOBRAZHENSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Alpine skier Evgeniy Timofeev and cross-country ckier Tariel Zharkymbaev will compete for medals.
Alpine skier Iain Innes and freestyler Cal Sandieson join curlers Ross Whyte, Amy Bryce, Mili Smith and Callum Kinnear at the event in Lillehammer which runs from February 12-21.
Alpine skier Anna Turney, finalist Sammi-Jayne Marsh, winner Lauren Rowles, finalist Holly |Riseborough, racer Mel Nicholls and Decathlon store manager Ashley Wright enjoy a great night
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: Alpine skier Bogdana Matsotska withdrew from the Winter Olympics in Sochi in protest at Ukraine president Viktor Yanukovych and his government, after dozens were left dead in protests.
Washington, March 10 ( ANI ): Jennifer Aniston has revealed that she would love to have a body like Alpine skier Lindsey Vonn or supermodel Gisele Bundchen.
In the visually impaired category, gold went to Slovakia's Jakub Krako, with silver for the oldest Alpine skier at the Games, 55-year-old Mark Bathum of the United States.
Do you tweet with the speed of an alpine skier, use LinkedIn with the finesse of a figure skater, or rock your Facebook page like a hockey forward?
Summary: Lebanese Alpine skier Jackie Chamoun responded Tuesday to criticism from local media after images of her posing topless for an Austrian sports calendar went viral.
The alpine skier will be representing a country only formed in 2002, Timor Leste.
RETIRED Teesside alpine skier Sean Rose has landed a key role at the Sochi Winter Paralympics.