Altai Republic


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Altai Republic

or

Altay Republic

(ăltī`, ăl`tī, ältī`), constituent republic (1990 est. pop. 190,000), 35,800 sq mi (92,722 sq km), SE Siberian Russia. Bordering on Mongolia in the south, it contains most of the Altai Mts. and is drained by the Biya, Katun, and Chuya rivers. The region is mountainous, and gold, manganese, and mercury are mined. Livestock raising and dairy farming are important, and grain is cultivated. The republic capital is Gorno-Altaisk (1989 pop. 46,000), a processing center for the agricultural products of the region. The majority of the population are Russians; the rest are Altaians (Oirots, Temuts, Shors, Tilengets, and Kumands). Altaians, numbering about 45,000, are Turkic-speaking peoples with Mongolian ancestry. Some are nomadic or seminomadic herders and hunters, but most are now settled on farms. A communal society existed in the area from the 3d millennium B.C., and there is evidence of a Mongolian civilization in the 5th cent. B.C. The Turkish khanate ruled the region from the 6th to the 10th cent. A.D., and the Altaians were under the control of the Mongolian khans from the beginning of the 13th to the 18th cent. In 1756 the Altaians came under Russian hegemony. From 1918 to 1922 there was civil war as the mountain groups fought the Bolshevik forces. Between 1922 and 1948 the republic was called the Oirat or Oirot Autonomous Region. It was renamed Gorno-Altai in 1948, a name it maintained until the mid-1990s. Gorno-Altai was given republic status in 1991 and was a signatory, under the name Republic of Gorniy-Altay, to the Mar. 31, 1992, treaty that created the Russian Federation (see RussiaRussia,
officially the Russian Federation,
Rus. Rossiya, republic (2015 est. pop. 143,888,000), 6,591,100 sq mi (17,070,949 sq km). The largest country in the world by area, Russia is bounded by Norway and Finland in the northwest; by Estonia, Latvia, Belarus,
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). The republic was formerly sometimes known as Mountain-Altai.
References in periodicals archive ?
The pipeline can be opposed on legal grounds, says Urmat Knyazev, an Altai Republic deputy and an elected leader of the greater Altai Indigenous community.
Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on Regulations and organization of parliamentary activities, representative from the executive body of the Altai Republic Vladimir Poletayev visited the agricultural production cooperative of the Tenginsky breeding plant as part of his work in the region .
Concerned residents in Russia's mountainous Altai Republic, who have been working for the past two years to reroute a proposed gas pipeline away from a high-altitude protected area, learned recently that China plans to accompany the pipeline with a road and railroad.
Minister of Culture of the Krasnoyarsk Territory Elena Mironenko and Minister of Economic Development and Tourism of the Altai Republic Svetlana Buydysheva.
In the Altai Republic of southern Siberia, a region of astonishing biodiversity and cultural heritage, new protected areas are popping up all over the place.
A member of the Federation Council on Agrarian and Food Policy and Nature Management, a representative from the legislative (representative) body of state power of the Altai Republic Tatyana Gigel, in the framework of work in the region, met with representatives of youth, among whom were students of a pedagogical college, medical college, college of culture and arts, university.
Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on Regulations and Organization of Parliamentary Activity, representative from the executive body of the Altai Republic Vladimir Poletayev held a meeting with the Chairman of the State Assembly - El Kurultai of Altai Republic Vladimir Tyulentin .
Address : 649000, Altai Republic, Gorno-Altaisk, Ul.
Electronic auction: provision of dental and orthopedic services for free manufacturing and repair of dentures (dentures) to certain categories of citizens of gorno-altaisk of the altai republic
Electronic auction: rendering of services on complex maintenance of engineering systems of buildings of the government of the altai republic
Address : The , 649002, Altai Republic, Gorno-Altaisk, G.