intention(redirected from Alteration of Instruments)
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a purpose or goal; the direction or directedness of consciousness, will, and, to a certain extent, feelings toward an object. The concept of intention dates back to Scholasticism, which distinguished “primary intention,” oriented toward a particular, from “secondary intention,” oriented toward a universal.
In the 19th century the concept of intention was again introduced into philosophy by the German philosopher F. Brentano. In his view, intentionality signifies the “objectness” of any act of consciousness, that is, its necessary relatedness to a certain—real or imaginary—object. Ideas of intention and intentionality are central (as universal characteristics of consciousness) to the views of A. Meinong (Austria) and E. Husserl (Germany). These concepts, particularly through the work of Meinong, were adopted by psychology, resulting in a refinement of ideas of the nature and direction of psychic activity, as well as in the formation of the concept of set.
E. G. IUDIN