Johannes Althusius

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Althusius, Johannes

 

Born 1557 in Diedenshausen; died Aug. 12, 1638, in Emden. German jurist and theorist of law.

Althusius was an ardent Calvinist. In his main work, Politica . . . (1603), Althusius was an early representative of the bourgeois theory of natural law, which he based on the principles of Calvinist theology. Althusius developed the idea of popular sovereignty and argued that the people have the right to overthrow and execute tyrannical rulers (in this respect he was close to the monarchomachs). The work of Althusius was essentially a theoretical justification of the republican system in the northern Netherlands.

WORKS

Politica methodice digesta et exemplis sacris et profanis illustrata. Cambridge, 1932.

REFERENCES

Kovalevskii, M. Ot priamogo narodopravstva k predstavitel’nomu . . ., vol. 2. Moscow, 1906.
Gierke, O. Johannes Althusius .... 5th ed. Meisenheim am Glan, 1958.
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Johannes Althusius (1557-1638) was probably the most important contributor to this debate.
I concentrate in the text on contemporary theorists and am not primarily concerned here with intellectual history, but thoughtful commentary on the implications and value of exit rights in early modern liberal thought can be discerned at least as far back as the work of Althusius.
Tal como senala Follesdal (1998), las diversas manifestaciones que durante la historia ha tenido el principio de subsidiariedad puede ser sistematizadas en cuatro categorias: a) la tradicion generada a partir del trabajo de Althusius y que se conecta con las corrientes contemporaneas de federalismo y confederalismo, con especial enfasis en la libertad individual; b) la tradicion del federalismo fiscal, inspirada en criterios de eficiencia utilizados por la teoria economica; c) la doctrina social de la Iglesia, con enfasis en la justicia y en la nocion de bien comun, y d) la tradicion contractualista de inspiracion kantiana, que incluiria a autores contemporaneos como Rawls y Scanlon.
See Ken Endo, The Principle of Subsidiarity: From Johannes Althusius to Jack Delors 44:6 HOKKAIDO L.
But it must be the vigorous action of a Moses, not a Caesar, of the early modern federalist Althusius, not a Machiavelli, of Christ, and not Napoleon, lest we give aid and comfort to the Jacobins in our midst.
En ambos, la ambicion de universalismo confirma la comun humanidad de las culturas en la investigacion de las fuentes de la normatividad, es decir de las causas y de las primeras influencias que crean, retomando a Althusius, la consociatio, las normas primeras de la elaboracion social.
As a result of the licenses granted to his father in 1788 and 1790 by the Bishop of Jaen, Quintana was able to "familiarizarse con una multitud de obras prohibidas, religiosas, juridicas, historicas, economicas o politicas: Pietro Giannone, Fenelon, CondiUac, Turgot, Montesquieu, Marmontel, el Conde de Volney, Voltaire, Emmerich de Vattel, Robertson, Adam Smith, Lorenzo Valla, Joannes Althusius, Paulo Jovio, Calvete de Estrella, Bacon, Lord Bolinbroke, etc" (Derozier, Poesias 18).
A particularly noteworthy example of a sprawling apparatus in an early modern work is available in Johannes Althusius, Dicaeologicae (Herborn: Corvinum, 1617), available at: http://digital.
Sera preciso aguardar por Althusius para que uma teoria da pratica constitucional e do direito de resistencia seja proposta em outros termos, propriamente constitucionais.
13) Los argumentos de Vazquez de Menchaca no solo influyeron sobre el pensamiento ingles y frances, sino que fueron fundamentales para algunos pensadores como Johannes Althusius, Hugo Grotius y, especificamente, Thomas Hobbes.
In this light, Brett ends not with Hobbes but with Johannes Althusius and Juan de Salas, who conceptualize politics in terms of "consociation" or respublica.