Louis Althusser

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Althusser, Louis


Born Oct. 16, 1918, in Algiers. French Marxist philosopher and member of the French Communist Party. Professor at the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris. Writer of essays on the history of philosophy, the theory of knowledge, and dialectical and historical materialism. (The collection, For Marx, 1965, which contains Althusser’s historical and philosophical writings; To Read “Capital,” 1965, written with J. Rancière and P. Macherey.)

Althusser treats the problems of the dialectic as logic, primarily on the basis of an analysis of the conceptual philosophic structure of Capital. He concentrates his attention on the theoretical and cognitive tasks that arise in studying the structure of integrated developing systems. He stresses the radical novelty of Marx’s method of thinking, distinguishing it sharply both from the Hegelian method (he rejects the formula “Hegel stood on his head” as the characteristic of the relationship between Marx and Hegel) and from the humanistic anthropological interpretation of Marxism. Althusser’s views are usually regarded as similar to the ideas of structuralism. Althusser and his co-workers are also elaborating a theory of knowledge (a so-called historical epistemology) and a theory of historicophilosophical method.


Lire le Capital, vol. 1–2. Paris, 1965. (With J. Rancière and P. Macherey.)
Pour Marx, 2nd ed. Paris, 1966.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Similarly, after Althusser's essays foreground theoretical questions concerning the relationship among Marxist science, ideology, and art, readers in the 1970s turn to the pages of Borges's fictions to perceive the worldngs of the bourgeois-humanist ideology they hope to critique and revolutionarily overcome.
No en vano la obra desde su inicio realiza un parte de claridad cuando el filosofo advierte al lector sobre lo que se ira encontrando: recuerdos detallados envueltos en una bella metafora de oscuridad y noche, con la cual Althusser percibe ciertos instantes de su existencia: "Tal y como he conservado el recuerdo intacto y preciso hasta sus minimos detalles, grabado en mi a traves de todas mis pruebas y para siempre, entre dos noches, aquella de la que sabia sin saber quien era, y aquella en la que entraria, ya dira cuando y como: he aqui la escena del homicidio tal y como lo vivi" (Althusser, 1992, p.
First, Liu's introduction of Mao Zedong's cultural thought sheds new light on Gramsci and Althusser's ideological sources.
De modo que, Althusser, Pecheux y Veron formarian una constelacion
En el presente articulo analizaremos tres debates que propician una lectura humanista del marxismo en las revistas culturales argentinas: la polemica entre El grillo de papel y dos empresas ligadas al Partido Comunista: la Gaceta literaria y Cuadernos de Cultura; la discusion que suscita el surgimiento de la revista Pasado y Presente y las lecturas divergentes que la publicacion Los Libros realiza sobre la obra de Louis Althusser.
En el caso especifico de Althusser, la critica de Hall sera todavia mas categorica: aun si la relectura althusseriana de Marx habia sido un importante punto de referencia en la busqueda de un "marxismo complejo" (Hall 1980a) dentro del CCCS, su perspectiva se va a volver, con los anos, cada vez menos aceptable.
Louis Althusser's theory of interpellation is interpreted into a context where capital, not political governance, is the most important modern factor of subject-object formulation.
Along for the ride is Louis Althusser, an infamous Marxist fleeing France for Canada after the strangulation of his wife; he's seeking LSD treatment, as well.
I take Althusser's (2014) formative definition of ideology--the "imaginary relationship of individuals to their real conditions of existence" (30)--and refine it with insights drawn from Antonio Gramsci, John Mowitt, and Neil Smith.