Althusserian Marxism

Althusserian Marxism

a structuralist version of Marxism fashionable especially in the 1970s, based on the ideas of Louis ALTHUSSER. Promoted in England by the Marxist journal the New Left Review, Althusser'S work influenced many theorists, including Stuart HALL, and Hindess and Hirst (1975). A notable criticism of the approach is E. P. THOMPSON’s The Poverty of Theory (1978). In opposing Althusser's dogmatism with ‘humanism’, however, Thompson exhibits his own kind of dogmatism in resisting arguments for structural analysis. Previous supporters of Althusserian Marxism now look to sociological theory to provide a recognition of the importance of both STRUCTURE AND AGENCY, having failed to find this in Althusser's work (for a general discussion see T. Benton, 1984, The Rise and Fall of Structural Marxism). See also STRUCTURALISM.
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I would say I owe everything to the consequences of a contingent encounter with Hall's generosity and openness to the world: Staying up late to watch television as a teenager in the '70s and coming across Hall lecturing on Althusserian Marxism, I experienced an event that I am glad to say irrevocably altered my life, just as Hall has had immeasurable impact on a multitude of others as well.
For an excellent articulation of Althusserian Marxism and Lacanian psychoanalysis, see Warren Montag, "Marxism and Psychoanalysis: The Impossible Encounter," The Minnesota Review n.
In Britain, Platt suggests, 'there was in the 1970s a baroque flowering of alternative approaches, ranging from Garfinkel's ethnomethodology (American) to Althusserian Marxism (French) and "critical sociology" of the Frankfurt school (German)' (p.
The many different versions of Marxism, including early Hegelian Marxism, structuralist or Althusserian Marxism, poststructuralist Marxism, Frankfurt School Marxism, analytic Marxism, feminist Marxism, and so on, have raised many questions about Marx's or Lukacs' traditional Marxism, but Ebert assumes that they do not merit debate or evaluation even though Lukacs, of course, consistently revised his views in the face of the successful Russian revolution as well as the triumph of Stalinism.
34) Old reminiscences of Althusserian Marxism and Maoism--although Marx, Althusser, and Mao were now rejected en bloc--were mixed up with a set of notions borrowed from Lacan, Kojeve, Foucault, and Solzhenitsyn, who became their new gurus.
Arguably, one consequence of this theoretical naivete was to leave African history intellectually vulnerable to the challenge of pretentious but dubious social `theory', beginning with Althusserian Marxism in the 1970s--but that is an aspect of the legacy of the pioneers which this book, given its chronological parameters (as well as its generally celebratory mode), does not pursue.
In 1978 MR Press published his book The Poverty of Theory and Other Essays, a penetrating and (in our view) devastating critique of Althusserian Marxism.
Chapter four looks at the claim, advanced by Althusserian Marxism, that |texts cannot have access to extra-ideological truths about the world' (5) -- a limitation to which Marxist texts are, of course, constitutionally superior (all readers are conditioned, but some are more conditioned than others).
These and other authors are used to illustrate various schools in contemporary critical theory, including Althusserian Marxism, Derridean post-structuralism and Foucauldian post-structuralism.