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3] The non-technical nature of many of these peaks allows many trekkers and climbers to ascend and descend rapidly enough to have returned to lower elevations before altitude illness has fully manifested.
Exactly a year earlier, while on an acclimatisation climb near Pokalde in preparation for an ascent of Everest, I had pushed too hard and begun to succumb to another type of severe altitude illness, high-altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPE).
HA = high altitude, HAI = high altitude illness, NA = not applicable, SD = standard deviation.
Following their excursions, study participants were asked to complete a questionnaire to determine if they had experienced any symptoms of high altitude illness.
Additional symptoms that may indicate altitude illness include vertigo, "feeling hung over," thirst, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), nightmares and change in vision with retinal hemorrhage, slowing of speech, excess flatulence, swelling of the hands and feet, and transient global amnesia.
Deployments after proper acclimatization according to protocols, education of the troops about high altitude illness and its prevention, can decrease the cases of acute high altitude illness.
Whenever I go to altitude I always carry a small advice book such as this one in my first aid kit to ensure I don't forget anything when diagnosing or treating altitude illness in a trekker, climber or porter
Sudden cardiac death (SCDs) [1], trauma, high altitude illness, cold injury and avalanche burial [7] have been reported as the common causes of death among high-altitude outdoor enthusiasts [10].
Later chapters detail appropriate responses to injuries involving the bones and soft tissue, toxins and allergies, hypothermia, lightning, altitude illness, and common medical problems.
Abbreviations: AMS = acute mountain sickness, AMS-C = cerebral AMS, ESQ = Environmental Symptoms Questionnaire, HA = high altitude, HAI = high altitude illness, LLS = Lake Louise Score, NSAID = nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, NVWSC = National Veterans Winter Sports Clinic, SCI = spinal cord injury, TBI = traumatic brain injury.
The Lake Louise Consensus on the definition and quantification of altitude illness.