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Alnka is the word for a leech (Haemopsis sanguisuga) in ancient Hebrew. The word appeared in the Jewish Bible in Proverbs 30:15, where it was variously translated as leech or horseleech. The word was derived from an Arabic word (alukah), meaning “to hang to.” In Syria and Israel, there were several species of leeches, one of which would attach itself to the neck of horses as they drank from streams. Others dwelt in more stagnant waters and would cling to the legs of any who wandered their way. They were known for their tenacity in adhering to the skin, and often could only be detached by killing them.

Some have suggested that the cryptic expression in Proverbs, “The leech (aluka) has two daughters, Give, Give,” in fact, referred not to the common leech but to a mythological vampire figure, a Syrian/Hebrew derivation of the Arabic ghoul, which sucked blood and dined on the flesh of the dead. During the nineteenth century, such an interpretation was offered by several Bible scholars, however, it was always a minority interpretation and is no longer regarded as a viable option by contemporary scholars.


Gehman, Henry Snyder. The New Westminster Dictionary of the Bible. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1970. 1027 pp.
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References in periodicals archive ?
She has been pairing of Shadia Nankya and Yudaya Nakayenze in central defence while Grace Aluka and Viola Namuddu play as fullbacks.
Aluka Guillain-Barre 2015 Karachi, Case report syndrome Pakistan (demyelinating) six weeks after bariatric surgery: a case report and literature review [10] N.
Aluka et al., "Genetic differentiation of wild and cultivated populations: Diversity of Coffea canephora Pierre in Uganda," Genome, vol.
In a study by Aluka et al.9 the frequency of epidermal melasma was highest (46.5%) like our study.
Se consulto la base de datos Tropicos (http:// y ejemplares tipo digitalizados pertenecientes a las bases de datos JSTOR (https://, Aluka database (, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle (www.
The Tigers first roared when Sone Aluka fired into the side netting two minutes after the restart.
The four animals -- Izizi, Aluka, Intombi and her daughter Amira -- began showing signs of neurological problems two weeks ago, a zoo official said.
For African studies, to name a few examples, unique materials may be found in the Aluka (34) database of materials relating to Struggles for Freedom in Southern Africa, in microfilmed archival collections collected by the Cooperative Africana Materials Project (35) and in the rare books and manuscripts collections of academic libraries specializing in African materials (many of which are being selectively digitized for free, public, open access throughout the world).
Elondo lyombinzi olyo omukithi ngoka hagu kala ethimbo momuntu gwo ihagu aluka. Shika otashi ti ngele owa tameke epango Iyelondo lyombinzi otashi ti oto tsikile nalyo onkalamwenyo yoye ayihe.
With: Noel Palomaria, Tara Killian, Eva Frajko, Joaquin Garay III, Michael Waite, Nansi Aluka, Monique T.