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city in Crimean Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, located 17 km southwest of Yalta. The population is 10,200 (1968). A health resort on the southern shore of the Crimea, Alupka is well protected by the Crimean Mountains, with Mount Ai-Petri, from northern winds. There are from 208 to 246 clear days in the year. The swimming season lasts from the middle of May to the end of September. The grape cure season is from September 15 to November 1. There are sanatoriums for the treatment of primarily noncommunica-ble pulmonary tuberculosis and of bone and glandular tuberculosis. The pseudo-Gothic former palace of Count M. S. Vorontsov with Moorish portals (1828–46, architect E. Blor) is now the Alupka Museum which exhibits furniture, paintings, and porcelain. The palace has two landscaped parks, an upper and a lower one (about 40 hectares), with winding lanes. There are magnolia and cypress groves near the palace. The many diabasic boulders (“chaos”) in the upper park create a picturesque effect. There are three small ponds among dense groves. The settlement of Shev-chenkovo (former Alupka-Sara) lies immediately to the west of Alupka. This settlement also has sanatoriums, including the A. A. Bobrov Sanatorium for children suffering from tuberculosis of the bones.
REFERENCESAlupinskii dvorets-muzei. Kiev, 1966.
Pal’chikova, A. P. Alupka: Ocherk-putevoditel [2nd ed.]. Simferopol’, 1967.