Alvar Aalto

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Alvar Aalto
Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto
BirthplaceKuortane, Finland

Aalto, Alvar

(ŏl`vär äl`tō), 1898–1976, Finnish architect and furniture designer. Aalto is considered one of the foremost architects of the 20th cent. Most of his designs were made in collaboration with his first wife, Aino Maria Marsio, 1894–1949, the celebrated furniture designer and architect. Aalto's work adapted Finnish building traditions to modern European techniques and to the specific function of the structure in boldly expressive style. His designs for the municipal library at Viipuri (1927–35; now in Vyborg, Russia) and the tuberculosis sanitarium at Paimio (1929–33) were outstanding functionalist works. He gained international fame for his remarkable designs for sleek molded and laminated birch wood furniture and for his plans for the Finnish pavilions at the expositions in Paris (1937) and New York (1939). Signature furniture pieces widely used in both institutional and residential settings include his three-legged stool, a classic of modern design, and the curvingly sculptural yet comfortable Paimio reclining bentwood armchair originally designed for the sanitarium. Also well known among his designs are fabrics and curvilinear glass vases. In 1940 he was appointed visiting professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he designed the serpentine Baker House (1947–48). After World War II he was active in reconstruction in Finland. His major postwar works include a number of striking civic buildings in Helsinki, the Maison Carré in Paris (designed in collaboration with Elissa Makkinheimo, his second wife), and the Wolfsburg cultural center in Germany.


See his complete works, ed. by K. Fleig (tr. of 3d ed., 2 vol., 1970–71); studies by F. A. Gutheim (1960) and P. D. Pearson (1978).

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Aalto, Alvar

Finnish architect who designed the Viipuri Public Library with an undulating timber roof, built in 1929. His Paimio Sanitorium, Paimio, Finland, was one of the first hospitals to be built in the International style. Later work includes the Baker House, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (1948), and the Public Library, Rovaniemi, Finland (1963), and Finlandia Hall (illus.) Helsinki, Finland (1971).
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
References in periodicals archive ?
Alvar Aalto belongs to the fascinating group of 20th century architects that includes the Spaniard Antoni Gaudi, the American Frank Lloyd Wright, and the Scot Charles Rennie Mackintosh.
Alvar Aalto Houses provides nearly thirty of Scandinavian modernist Alvar Aalto's most important modern residences - many designed for famous personalities from the 1920s through the 1970s -and is a pick for any college-level arts library strong in architectural history.
As one of those involved in the 15-year campaign and project to restore the Alvar Aalto's City Viipuri Library in Vybor, Russia, it is salutary to reveal that a major allocation of 6.4 million euros ([pounds sterling]5.7 million) from the Russian Federation will now finally enable the restoration and recovery of this Modernist masterpiece to be completed.
The extremely jazzy Bears have casually scattered in their home and Italian "Anfibio" sofa (1971), Arne Jacobsen Danish "Ant" side chairs (1952-55), an Isamu Noguchi chess table (1947), an Alvar Aalto Finnish "Savoy" vase (1936), a George Nelson "Kite" clock (1953), and much more.
I do understand, however, why the concept has yet to catch on in the United States, even though the double-skin concept goes back to the days of LeCorbusier and Alvar Aalto, and its use in commercial office buildings and hospitals is not at all uncommon in Europe.
Inevitably, the authors frequently attempt to trace influences on McCormick's church architecture, but they do so without over-playing symbolism or direct references to the European architects (in particular Le Corbusier and Alvar Aalto) whose work he saw as a student at the World Fair in Paris 1937.
Dill is located in The Nordic House, an architecturally significant building designed by the Finnish architect Alvar Aalto in 1968.
David Richards, the outgoing President of CEEES, was presented with a Alvar Aalto bowl.
Durante el siglo XX, se destacan tres grandes figuras dedicadas a la planificacion y edificacion bibliotecaria: Carnegie (el cual financio la construccion de infinidad de bibliotecas publicas en Estados Unidos), el frances Tony Garnier y el finlandes Alvar Aalto (quien destaca por sus aportes innovadores en la especializacion funcional del edificio).