Alvaro de Luna
Luna, Alvaro de
Born 1388 in Cñnete; died June 1453 in Valladolid. Count; constable (supreme commander in chief) of Castile from 1423.
A favorite of the Castilian king Juan II and the virtual ruler of Castile, Luna fought against the big feudal lords for the consolidation of royal power. He tried to strengthen the central machinery of the state, increase the importance of royal officials, and subordinate the church to the power of the king. In 1445 he defeated the rebellious aristocracy in the battle of Olmedo. Several times Luna was removed from power upon pressure from the aristocracy, and in 1453 he was accused of sorcery and executed.