Amadeo Bordiga

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bordiga, Amadeo


Born 1889; died July 25, 1970. Italian political figure.

Bordiga, an engineer by profession, joined the socialist movement in 1910. During World War I he was one of the leaders of the revolutionary (“uncompromising”) wing of the Socialist Party, which demanded the exclusion from the party of reformists who wanted collaboration with the bourgeoisie. After the war he maintained this position and became the leader of the abstentionists, who rejected legal forms of the working-class struggle. His views as leader of the abstentionists were repeatedly criticized by Lenin (“De-tskaia bolezn’ ‘levizny’ v Kommunizme” and the address to the second congress of the Comintern, in Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 41, pp. 49–50 [note], 98–99, 255, 256, 258). Actively supporting separateness from the reformists, Bordiga became a leader of the Communist Party, founded in 1921 after it broke away from the Socialist Party. During the period when fascism began to advance, he pursued a sectarian policy which reduced the fighting efficiency of the party and threatened to alienate it from the masses. In 1923, Bordiga was actually removed from the leadership of the party, and the third congress of the Communist Party in 1926 condemned his views. In 1930 he was expelled from the party. After World War II he was a left-wing anticommunist publicist, but he failed to gain any political influence.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Angelo Tasca e dei quattro il piu legato all'esperienza politica e sindacale dell'anteguerra e, come responsabile della federazione giovanile socialista torinese, si e gia confrontato nei primi anni '10 in pubblici dibattiti nazionali con i giovani di altre federazioni, tra cui Amadeo Bordiga: un esempio e rappresentato dalla "polemica culturista", lanciata da Gaetano Salvemini nel 1912, il quale aveva rilevato, trovando in questo l'adesione taschiana, la scarsa preparazione culturale dei giovani socialisti.
Altre considerazioni vengono svolte in merito all'esperienza consiliare da Amadeo Bordiga che, a differenza degli ordinovisti, si muove gia sul terreno del partito, e sta organizzando una frazione rivoluzionaria nazionale collegata alla III Internazionale, con una piattaforma tutta politica.
At the other end of the country, in Naples, Amadeo Bordiga, who was destined to become the first secretary of the Communist Party of Italy (PCd'I), was engaged in his own spirited debate with the PSI.
(7.) See Andreina De Clementi, Amadeo Bordiga, Torino: Einaudi, 1971, chapter three; Franco Livorsi, Amadeo Bordiga.
(27.) Amadeo Bordiga, 'Arditi del popolo e i comunisti', L'Ordine Nuovo, 12 July 1921.
Although Drake successfully brings out the importance of some lesser-known political activists, like Carlo Cafiero, Arturo Labriola, and Amadeo Bordiga, there are serious problems with his overall approach to understanding the Marxist revolutionary tradition.
Amadeo Bordiga, its first secretary general, had been a close colleague of Mussolini's.
-- compte tenu de quelques exceptions individuelles -- demeurat fidele a son anti-militarisme d'avant guerre: en 1915, certains dirigeants du mouvement de la jeunesse socialiste, notamment Amadeo Bordiga et Nicola Modugno, prirent les positions les plus radicales contre l'entree en guerre de l'Italie, avec le soutien de leur sections du Sud.
Even before war and revolution exercised a powerful influence on the shape of their thinking, Italy's third socialist generation (many of them born within a year of the party's establishment in 1892 as a Marxist political party) had begun to form a collective opinion of what separated them from that second generation of leaders responsible for bringing the Italian movement into the Second International.(1) This is not to say that the views of such communist leaders as Antonio Gramsci, Amadeo Bordiga, Angelo Tasca, and Alfonso Leonetti were identical, or that they did not evolve over time.
The aim of the antimasonic resolution, therefore, was to "cleanse" the socialist movement of those "tainted" with "democratic" rather than purely Marxist Ideals.(14) The earliest writings of one young Neapolitan whose name would figure prominently in the formation of the Communist party, Amadeo Bordiga, were precisely on this theme.(15)
their place was taken by others, most notably the F.G.S.I.'s new secretary, Lido Caiani, a young Roman who would follow Mussolini to II Popolo d'Italia in 1914, and two men whose names would be intertwined in the formation of the Italian Communist parry, Angelo Tasca and Amadeo Bordiga. At the 1912 F.G.S.I.
Italo Toscani, the editor of Avanguardia, Amadeo Bordiga, now a leading member of the F.G.S.I.