Amadeo Bordiga


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Bordiga, Amadeo

 

Born 1889; died July 25, 1970. Italian political figure.

Bordiga, an engineer by profession, joined the socialist movement in 1910. During World War I he was one of the leaders of the revolutionary (“uncompromising”) wing of the Socialist Party, which demanded the exclusion from the party of reformists who wanted collaboration with the bourgeoisie. After the war he maintained this position and became the leader of the abstentionists, who rejected legal forms of the working-class struggle. His views as leader of the abstentionists were repeatedly criticized by Lenin (“De-tskaia bolezn’ ‘levizny’ v Kommunizme” and the address to the second congress of the Comintern, in Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 41, pp. 49–50 [note], 98–99, 255, 256, 258). Actively supporting separateness from the reformists, Bordiga became a leader of the Communist Party, founded in 1921 after it broke away from the Socialist Party. During the period when fascism began to advance, he pursued a sectarian policy which reduced the fighting efficiency of the party and threatened to alienate it from the masses. In 1923, Bordiga was actually removed from the leadership of the party, and the third congress of the Communist Party in 1926 condemned his views. In 1930 he was expelled from the party. After World War II he was a left-wing anticommunist publicist, but he failed to gain any political influence.

B. R. LOPUKHOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Amadeo Bordiga, its first secretary general, had been a close colleague of Mussolini's.
compte tenu de quelques exceptions individuelles -- demeurat fidele a son anti-militarisme d'avant guerre: en 1915, certains dirigeants du mouvement de la jeunesse socialiste, notamment Amadeo Bordiga et Nicola Modugno, prirent les positions les plus radicales contre l'entree en guerre de l'Italie, avec le soutien de leur sections du Sud.
1) This is not to say that the views of such communist leaders as Antonio Gramsci, Amadeo Bordiga, Angelo Tasca, and Alfonso Leonetti were identical, or that they did not evolve over time.
14) The earliest writings of one young Neapolitan whose name would figure prominently in the formation of the Communist party, Amadeo Bordiga, were precisely on this theme.
s new secretary, Lido Caiani, a young Roman who would follow Mussolini to II Popolo d'Italia in 1914, and two men whose names would be intertwined in the formation of the Italian Communist parry, Angelo Tasca and Amadeo Bordiga.
Italo Toscani, the editor of Avanguardia, Amadeo Bordiga, now a leading member of the F.
Amadeo Bordiga, who had been one of the principal authors of the F.
1) Filippo Turati and Costantino Lazzari, who represented the main wings of the socialist party at Genoa in 1892, were both born in 1857; Amadeo Bordiga was born in 1889, Antonio Gramsci in 1891, Angelo Tasca in 1892.
43) See pamphlet distributed before the 1914 congress, Il socialismo napoletano e le sue morbose degenrazioni (reprint, Libreria Editrice del Partito Comunista d'Italia, 1921); Amadeo Bordiga, "Il socialismo napoletano e le `questioni' morali," Avanti
1913 and biographies of Andreina de Clementi, Amadeo Bordiga (Torino, 1971), pp.
69) Amadeo Bordiga, "Lo sciopero di Milano," Avanguardia, 15 June 1913.
1914; Amadeo Bordiga "I socialisti a Napoli e nel Mezzogiorno," ibid.