Tell El-Amarna Tablets

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Tell El-Amarna Tablets


(also Amarna tablets or Amarna letters), the name used in scholarly literature for a number of clay tablets dating from the time of the Egyptian pharaohs of the 18th dynasty. The tablets were discovered in 1887 in Tell el-Amarna by inhabitants of the area.

The Tell el-Amarna tablets contain some diplomatic correspondence on cuneiform tablets, mainly in the Accadian language, addressed to the pharaohs Amenhotep III and Amenhotep IV by the kings of Mitanni, Assyria, Babylonia, and other countries and by minor Syrian and Palestinian rulers subject to Egypt. The tablets are a most important source for the history of Egypt and other Near Eastern countries in the second half of the 15th and early 14th centuries B.C. Most of the tablets—194 of them—are preserved in Berlin, the German Democratic Republic; the rest are in the British Museum, the Egyptian Museum, the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, the Louvre, the State Hermitage Museum, and the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts.


Knudtzon, J. Die El-Amarna-Tafeln, vols. 1–2. Leipzig, 1908–15.
The Tell El-Amarna Tablets, vols. 1–2. Edited by S. A. B. Mercer. Toronto, 1939.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chapter eight highlights Egypt's place in the Mediterranean region, as demonstrated by the unique cache of foreign correspondence called the Amarna Letters, and reprises the rule of Akhenaten's father to contextualize the son's foreign policy.
Nor, probably, are they the human tribute expected of Egyptian vassals, as attested in the Amarna Letters.
Na'aman, "The Contribution of the Amarna Letters to the Debate on Jerusalem's Political Position in the Tenth Century BCE," BASOR 304 (1996): 17-27; H.
The second chapter examines relations with Egypt and Anatolia and then illustrates this with archaeological discoveries such as the Uluburun Shipwreck, the Amarna letters and the wealth of Mycenaean and Minoan pottery and other objects discovered in Cyprus.
First, one must understand the Amarna Letters from vantage points that are not merely chronological or archaeological.
Comparative material from the Amarna letters and Hittite and Assyrian inscriptions reveals a military tactic of confiscating and destroying the agricultural produce of the defeated lands in the second and first millennia B.
69-90) of rebellion and reciprocity, but then we have no letters from Nubian rulers to balance the picture given by the monuments as the Amarna letters do for Asia.
This is stated, more or less in so many words, in any number of works on the ancient Near East, which usually offer the Amarna letters, the trove of correspondence between Egypt and other states that was found at the site of Akhetaten (Tell el-Amarna), as the parade example of Akkadian as lingua franca.
In the latter half of the twentieth century, there were two centers where one could study the language of the Amarna letters from Canaan ("Amarna linguistics").
Smith, "The Inflectional Morphology of the Yvqtvl-Verb in the Suwardata Amarna Letters (EA 278-284, 366)," IOS 18 (1998): 125-70, who cites further references on Amarna material, 125.
by Bergstrasser (1918: 163) and Birkeland (1940: 49), (14) is that the lowering of PS *i, *u to *e, *o in closed accented syllables and in open syllables took place before the time of the Amarna letters.
6) This t-prefix for the 3mp, which is vocalized as [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] in syllabically written cuneiform documents, is also found in the canaanizing Amarna letters, (7) in Mari documents from the sakkanakku period, (8) and in Ebla.