Amaryllidaceae


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Amaryllidaceae

[‚a·mə‚ri·lə′dā·sē‚ē]
(botany)
The former designation for a family of plants now included in the Liliaceae.

Amaryllidaceae

 

a family of monocotyledonous plants, comprising perennial herbs with bulbs and less commonly with rhizomes or corms. They have large monoecious actinomorphic flowers or slightly zygomorphic flowers, usually arranged in an umbel with a spathe. In the flower is a corollalike perianth, usually gamophyllous or free, often with an appendage. The ovary is inferior, and in this the Amaryllidaceae differs from the related family Liliaceae. About 75 genera and 1,000 species are found around the world. Amaryllids are especially abundant in Cape Province (South Africa) and Central and South America. Seven genera with 30 species grow in the USSR. Many genera—for example, Narcissus, Amaryllis, Crinum, Hippeastrum, and Clivia—are cultivated as ornamental plants, and others are used in medicine because they contain alkaloids.

References in periodicals archive ?
As previous reports shows, Galanthus gracilis collected from Yilanlidag/Mugla is hosting plant for 20 alkaloids of 7 Amaryllidaceae skeleton types which are phenanthridine, homolycorine, galanthamine, crinine, indole, tazettine and lycorine types.
Chemical and biological aspects of Amaryllidaceae alkaloids.
Interactions with the insect oocyte development were reported for the EOs extracted from Artemisia herba-alba (Asteraceae), Salvia verbenaca (Lamiaceae), and Scilla maritima (Amaryllidaceae), proving that EOs with high flavonoid content could significantly inhibit the egg-laying process and even the fertility of C.
Anomocytic stomata may be a diagnostic character of the family Amaryllidaceae as earlier work by Awasthi et al.
Murray, "Hybrid identification in Clivia (Amaryllidaceae) using chromosome banding and genomic in situ hybridization," Annals of Botany, vol.
x x Tr Amaryllidaceae Trichlora peruviana Baker x 0 H Cyperaceae Trichophorum rigidum (Steud.) Goetgh., 0 x H Muasya & D.A.Simpson Iridaceae Olsynium junceum (E.Mey.
Curculigo orchioides (Common name Musli siah) belongs to family Amaryllidaceae. Syringic acid, phenolic glycosides and antioxidant phenols have been isolated from roots of C.
Families Acanthaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Anacardiaceae, Apiaceae/Umbelliferae, Apocynaceae, Araceae, Arecaceae/Palmae, Boraginaceae, Convolvulaceae, Moraceae, Myrtaceae, Piperaceae, and Zingiberaceae were represented by two (2) species and the rest of the families were all represented by only one (1) species.
Onion originated from Western Asia (Iran) and hails from Amaryllidaceae family and its botanical name was Allium Cepa.