Amaryllidaceae

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Amaryllidaceae

[‚a·mə‚ri·lə′dā·sē‚ē]
(botany)
The former designation for a family of plants now included in the Liliaceae.

Amaryllidaceae

 

a family of monocotyledonous plants, comprising perennial herbs with bulbs and less commonly with rhizomes or corms. They have large monoecious actinomorphic flowers or slightly zygomorphic flowers, usually arranged in an umbel with a spathe. In the flower is a corollalike perianth, usually gamophyllous or free, often with an appendage. The ovary is inferior, and in this the Amaryllidaceae differs from the related family Liliaceae. About 75 genera and 1,000 species are found around the world. Amaryllids are especially abundant in Cape Province (South Africa) and Central and South America. Seven genera with 30 species grow in the USSR. Many genera—for example, Narcissus, Amaryllis, Crinum, Hippeastrum, and Clivia—are cultivated as ornamental plants, and others are used in medicine because they contain alkaloids.

References in periodicals archive ?
GC-MS Investigation of Amaryllidaceae alkaloids in Galanthus xvalentine nothosubsp.
Anticancer evaluation of structurally diverse Amaryllidaceae alkaloids and their synthetic derivatives.
Therapeutic activity of pretazettine on Rauscher leukemia: comparison with the related Amaryllidaceae alkaloids. Chemotherapy 26, 36-45.
Antiproliferative amaryllidaceae alkaloids isolated from the bulbs of Sprekelia formosissima and Hymenocallis x festalis.
Comparative effects of some amaryllidaceae alkaloids. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 425, 342-348.
Cytotoxic activity of Amaryllidaceae alkaloids. Planta Medica 61, 77-79.
Our findings correlate well with the ability of the structurally related crinine-type Amaryllidaceae alkaloid narciclasine to induce apoptosis in human MCF-7 breast and PC-3 prostate carcinoma cells (analyzed as internucleosomal DNA fragmentation and Annexin V/propidium iodide staining) with minimal effect on human primary fibroblasts cells (Dumont et al.
Application of the [beta]-azidonation reaction to the enantioselective synthesis of the lycorane Amaryllidaceae alkaloids. Tetrahedron 55, 13927-13936.
A new method to address stereo-chemical challenges presented by Amaryllidaceae alkaloids. Tetrahedron Lett.
Pressurized liquid extraction and anticholinesterase activity-based thin-layer cromatografy with bioautography of Amaryllidaceae alkaloids. Anal.