Amateur Radio Station


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Amateur Radio Station

 

a receiving-transmitting or a receiving radio station used in amateur radio communication or in monitoring such communication. A receiving-transmitting radio station consists of a transmitter, a receiver, and an antenna. A receiving radio station has a receiver and an antenna; as a rule, it is used by novice radio amateurs for monitoring the operation of receiving-transmitting amateur radio stations.

Receiving-transmitting amateur radio stations may be classified according to whether they are for individual or group use and according to whether they are operated in the high frequency range or in the very high and ultrahigh frequency ranges. In addition, they are subdivided into three categories based on the qualifications of the station operator, that is, an individual owner of a station or the director of a collectively owned station. These categories are distinguished by the maximum power of the transmitter, the operation mode, and the wavelength band used.

In the USSR, the license to install and operate an amateur radio station is issued by the state inspectorates of electronic communications of the ministries of communications of the Union republics, based on applications of oblast, krai, or republic committees of the DOSAAF USSR (All-Union Voluntary Society for Cooperation With the Army, Air Force, and Navy). According to Soviet law (by a decree issued by the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the USSR on July 3, 1963), deliberate use of radio transmissions in clear disregard of society, with gross injury to the social order, or in interference of radio broadcasting or radio service communications is classified as hooliganism.

REFERENCES

See references under

I. V. KAZANSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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