And the metaphor of unpayable debts had infiltrated Clough's sense of family relationships, as in his satiric poem "Duty" from Ambarvalia
The business of Adam's life, indeed, is mundane and unappealing; he appears but a cog in a tedious machine, if not quite one who, in gloomy words from Ambarvalia (1849), serves the 'broken cisterns' of 'vain Philosophy'.
In the memorable satire 'Duty--that's to say complying' from Ambarvalia, Clough makes duty, among other things, an impediment to enquiry:
10 letters: AMBARVALIA
, EXPEDIENCE, SUN-SENSORS, TEST-RETEST 13 letters: KNICKETY-KNOCK, SINISTER-SIDES 16 letters: CHOLECYSTECTATIC (sted), SMICKSMICKSMACKS (csd) (c) Pattern X ?
The fact that he is glossing it for his fiancee shows that it is a strange Americanism, and he would never have used the word in this sense for an English audience - which is what the collection Ambarvalia
was aimed at.
Rogation Days, first fixed by the English Church in 747, were certainly prefigured by the blessing of the fields during the Roman Ambarvalia
The poetry translations themselves, however, of Ambarvalia (1933), No Traveller Returns (Tabibito kaerazu, 1947), and Eterunitasu (1962), make the perilous journey through Nishikawa's literary world deeply rewarding.
Nishiwaki plays with texts of European and Japanese literature, with language and translation, and with his readers, such as presenting in Ambarvalia translations from European languages of both his own and others' poetry as his own Japanese poems; or in particular nodes of significance, as in "The Sun" from Ambarvalia: "The countryside of Karumojin produces marble.
Arnold had been telling him this much as early as their correspondence of 1848, in his response to Clough's Ambarvalia manuscripts.
It is also hard to know where in the Ambarvalia manuscripts Arnold finds the "false & JARRING" Festus.
Yet surely it is the religious implications of this Ambarvalia poetry, rather than its jarring formal structures, that drew Matthew Arnold's mind to Philip James Bailey.
5) Poems like "Natura Naturans," published in his first collection of poems Ambarvalia
(a joint collection with Thomas Burbridge, 1849), were omitted in subsequent editions edited by Mrs.