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a people who settled Amboina, Haruku, Saparua, and other islands in the Molucca Islands of Indonesia. Their numbers are estimated at 200,000–400,000.
The Amboinese dialect of Malay is spoken by two-thirds of the Amboinese people, while the rest speak in dialects of the Amboinese-Timor languages of the Indonesian group. By religion, most are Calvinist Christians, while about one-third are Muslims. When Indonesia was ruled by the Dutch colonialists (until 1945), Christian Amboinese received privileges, the colonialists using them as officials and soldiers. The main occupations of the Amboinese are spice production, sago farming, administrative service, and fishing.
REFERENCESNarody Iugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966. Cooley, F. Ambonese adat: A General Description. New Haven, 1962.
M. A. CHLENOV