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(äm`bōn), island, c.300 sq mi (775 sq km), E Indonesia, one of the MoluccasMoluccas
or Spice Islands,
Bahasa Indonesia Maluku, Du. Molukken, island group and prov. (1990 pop. 1,856,075), c.32,300 sq mi (83,660 sq km), E Indonesia, between Sulawesi and New Guinea. The capital of the province is Ambon, on Ambon island.
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, in the Banda Sea. It is mountainous, well watered, and fertile. Corn and sago are produced, and hunting and fishing supplement the diet. Nutmeg and cloves, once grown in abundance, are produced in limited quantities, and copra is exported. The chief town and seaport, also called Ambon (1990 pop. 275,888), is capital of Maluku prov. It is the seat of the Univ. of Maluku and a private college, and it has an airport. The island and town are also called Amboyna or Amboina.

The island was visited (1512) by the Portuguese, who made it a religious and military headquarters. It was captured by the Dutch in 1605. An English outpost there was destroyed (1623) by the Dutch in what is called the Ambon massacre. Ambon was temporarily under British rule from 1796 to 1802 and again from 1810 to 1814. The town was the site of a major Dutch naval base captured (1942) by the Japanese in World War II, and it was the scene (1950) of a revolt against the Indonesian government during the short-lived South Moluccan Republic. After the end of Dutch rule, it was a source of major immigration to the Netherlands. As a result of continued violence between rebels and government troops, many Ambonese emigrated to the Netherlands. The island has been the scene of Muslim-Christian violence in recent years.

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ambo, ambon

ambo, 1
1. In early Christian churches, a pulpit for reading or chanting the Gospels or the Epistles.
2. In contemporary Balkan or Greek churches, a large pulpit or reading desk.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The cathedral parish priest said in a telephone interview from Ambon April 4 that the site of the attack was a crowded market center where sellers spread their wares on the street and where people mingle.
In Ambon, Uliase, Seram, Buru and elsewhere in central Maluku, the small hand-beaten varieties (of about 30-40 cm in diameter) have cylindrical wooden bodies to which a single piece of skin is attached by rattan lacing, usually in a vertical parallel pattern, which is linked into a rattan hoop stretched around the circumference.
The Ambon and Poso jihads only partially overlapped with the Ambon and Poso conflicts.
A plane was found to take us to Ambon! A new Lion Air worker said the plane would transit Surabaya, with no de-planning required.
Seram Island on the north of Ambon Island is one of the big islands in Maluku, covering aa18,625 km2.
annulus shell specimens were collected from waters of Larat Island, West Southeast Maluku and Ambon Island waters, Ambon City (Figure 1).
"We hope that Sino is a symbol of our victory over fish poaching," Pudjiastuti said in a statement, referring to one of the ships sunk, after having witnessed two vessels being destroyed in Ambon in eastern Indonesia.
This volume compiles 26 stories by local people writing in the spirit of obasudura,o a concept evoking care for others, about their experiences before, during, and after the conflict between Christian and Muslim communities in the Maluku Islands archipelago in Indonesia from 1999 to 2002, particularly in Ambon. They include journalists, Muslim scholars, politicians, a former mayor, social activists, lecturers, photographers, women activists, artists, and students involved in the conflict.
Last month, Cambodia rescued 230 trafficked laborers from Thai fishing vessels operating from the Indonesian island of Ambon. Enditem CyHAN
The bomb squad started examining the Batik Air plane after it landed in South Sulawesi with 125 passengers from the eastern Indonesian city of Ambon, transport ministry spokesman J.A Barata said.