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(äm`bōn), island, c.300 sq mi (775 sq km), E Indonesia, one of the MoluccasMoluccas
or Spice Islands,
Bahasa Indonesia Maluku, Du. Molukken, island group and prov. (1990 pop. 1,856,075), c.32,300 sq mi (83,660 sq km), E Indonesia, between Sulawesi and New Guinea. The capital of the province is Ambon, on Ambon island.
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, in the Banda Sea. It is mountainous, well watered, and fertile. Corn and sago are produced, and hunting and fishing supplement the diet. Nutmeg and cloves, once grown in abundance, are produced in limited quantities, and copra is exported. The chief town and seaport, also called Ambon (1990 pop. 275,888), is capital of Maluku prov. It is the seat of the Univ. of Maluku and a private college, and it has an airport. The island and town are also called Amboyna or Amboina.

The island was visited (1512) by the Portuguese, who made it a religious and military headquarters. It was captured by the Dutch in 1605. An English outpost there was destroyed (1623) by the Dutch in what is called the Ambon massacre. Ambon was temporarily under British rule from 1796 to 1802 and again from 1810 to 1814. The town was the site of a major Dutch naval base captured (1942) by the Japanese in World War II, and it was the scene (1950) of a revolt against the Indonesian government during the short-lived South Moluccan Republic. After the end of Dutch rule, it was a source of major immigration to the Netherlands. As a result of continued violence between rebels and government troops, many Ambonese emigrated to the Netherlands. The island has been the scene of Muslim-Christian violence in recent years.

ambo, ambon

ambo, 1
1. In early Christian churches, a pulpit for reading or chanting the Gospels or the Epistles.
2. In contemporary Balkan or Greek churches, a large pulpit or reading desk.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the course of this ministry I came in contact with an Ambonese church member.
166), so Ambonese growers diverted their harvest of cloves to other markets which often offered twice as much as the Dutch traders.
NOTE: The report is illustrated with photos taken of prints contained in a rare early version of the Ambonese Herbal, housed in the University of Minnesota's Owen H.
Two Ambonese who had worked for the Japanese were arrested.
With Dutch help, Ambon declared its independence as the Republic of South Maluku--but Ambonese nationalist-separatism has not been a strong current in Maluku politics since the 1950s.
In September 2003 in the Moluccas capital of Ambon, thousands of Muslim and Christian Ambonese gathered to celebrate the 48th anniversary of the city's founding.
Some Ambonese Christians responded by forming a "Laskar Christian," yet it never fielded more than 200 fighters, and its links to a regional independence movement from the 1950s, now exiled in Holland, only served to fuel the military's desire to squash it at all costs.
In Japanese terms they had become "sub-soldiers", who like the many Ambonese and other Indonesians in the Netherlands Indies and New Guinea "lived in the same billeting quarters together with the Japanese".
About 12,000 former Ambonese soldiers of the Royal Netherlands Indies Army (KNIL) working for the Dutch then proclaimed the area's independence from Indonesia.
Syntactic change in Ambonese Malay: the possessive construction.
Dieter Bartels argues that the Ambonese responded to Europeans by absorbing elements of the newcomers' beliefs thought to confer access to sources of power previously unknown, eventually syncretising them into a system in which traditional elements were preserved.