Ambroise Pare

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Paré, Ambroise

(äNbrwäz` pärā`), c.1510–1590, French surgeon. Serving in the army, he revived the use of ligature instead of cautery with boiling oil and continued to devise and champion more humane treatments in medicine. He promoted the use of artificial limbs and introduced podalic version in childbirth, i.e., the manipulation of the fetus so that it is delivered feet first. He was surgeon to four kings of France, and his works were widely translated.


See bibliography of his works by J. Doe (1937).

Paré, Ambroise


Born 1517 (according to some data, 1509 or 1510) in Bourg-Hersent, near the city of Laval; died Dec. 20, 1590, in Paris. French surgeon of the Renaissance.

Paré did not receive an academic education and belonged to the barbers’ guild. In 1563 he became surgeon to the king and head of the surgical department of Hôtel Dieu.

In 1537 Paré replaced the practice of cauterizing wounds with balsam—a boiling resinous solution—by the method of applying oil and egg yolk to wounds and bandaging them with clean cloth. In 1557 he replaced the practices of cautery, torsion, and compression of blood vessels by the method of ligation and thereby decreased the incidence of hemorrhages. His works on gunshot wounds, trephination of the skull, and other subjects are well-known. Paré was the first to describe, in 1552, fracture of the neck of the femur and its treatment. He improved the methodology of amputation of limbs and proposed a number of complex orthopedic prostheses, including artificial limbs and joints. He restored the obstetrical practice of podalic version, which had been forgotten for centuries.

The work of Paré and of his successors and their contemporaries, including F. Würtz in Switzerland and W. Fabry (Fabricius Hildanus) in Germany, led to the transformation of surgery during the 17th and 18th centuries from a craft to a scientific medical discipline.


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L'ablation par radiofrequence de cette arythmie, realisee lundi a la clinique Ambroise Pare a Paris, a permis de normaliser le rythme cardiaque.
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On ne pourrait pas se dispenser d'avoir a l'esprit ce que disait deja au XVIeme siecle le celebre medecin des rois et princes de France, Ambroise Pare, pour comprendre le visceral attachement de nos praticiens au principe de l'obligation de moyens, invoque et plaide a l'occasion de l'affaire du deces du nourrisson de Sousse.
Asi, vemos que cuando la joven llega a su cuarto encuentra un bestiario y alli empieza a conocer mas sobre su anfitrion; es bastante particular, porque por las imagenes nos podemos dar cuenta de que es el libro de Ambroise Pare Monstruos y prodigios y de alli, podemos sacar la imagen de una bestia con pezunas (fig.
ILUSTRACION OMITIR] Siglo XVI Ambroise Pare invento una pata de palo que podia flexionarse en la rodilla y una protesis de pie con una posicion fija.
My only quibble with the book is that some important individuals in the pantheon of medicine, such as Andreas Vesalius and Ambroise Pare, are only briefly mentioned.
In a bid to assess the risks, Russian virologists earlier visited two Guinean hospitals -- Clinique Ambroise Pare and the Donka Hospital -- in the stricken capital Conakry, in West Africa.
Patient samples were retrieved from the files of the Department of Pathology of Ambroise Pare Hospital (APHP, Boulogne, France).
Ambroise Pare, the early modern surgeon, expresses "physical repugnance" not at the practice of corpse pharmacology but at the ignoble rank of the bodies used.
French Army barber/surgeon Ambroise Pare (1510-1590) is considered by many to be the father of modern amputation surgery and prosthetic design.
Less distracting but worth questioning is the placement of subsections that feature important contributors to medical progress: Andreas Vesalius and Jacques Gautier d'Agoty in the first chapter, Ambroise Pare in the fourth.
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