John Ambrose Fleming

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fleming, John Ambrose


Born Nov. 29, 1849, in Lancaster; died Apr. 18, 1945, in Sidmouth. British radio and electrical engineer. Fellow of the Royal Society of London (1892).

In 1870, Fleming graduated from University College in London. From 1877 to 1881 he did research under J. C. Maxwell in the Cavendish Laboratory. Fleming taught at the university colleges in Nottingham and London. He became a scientific consultant for the Edison Electric Light Company in London in 1881 and for Marconi’s Wireless Telegraphy Company in 1899. In 1901 he took part in the first transatlantic radio transmission. Fleming studied the effect discovered by T. Edison whereby an electric current flows one way from a heated wire to a metal plate in a vacuum and, in 1904, invented the vacuum-tube detector. With this invention, Fleming inaugurated a new period in the development of radio engineering. He also proposed the right-hand rule and wrote a number of works on electrical and radio engineering.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Other honorary fellows include Lord Kelvin, who developed the concept of absolute zero temperature; John Ambrose Fleming, whose thermionic valve was vital to early radio; and Charles Algernon Parsons, who pioneered the steam turbine.
The first 10 members of the Engineering Hall of Fame are George Stephenson (1781-1848), John Rennie (1761-1821), Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806-1859), Joseph Bazalgette (1819-1891), Sir Benjamin Baker (1840-1907), Barnes Wallis (1887-1979), Sir John Ambrose Fleming (1848-1945), Dame Caroline Haslett (1895-1957), Verena Holmes (1889-1964) and Sir Frank Whittle (1907-1996).
Dear Editor, Chris You-ett's revelation (Memory stack of facts on computing, Post, Jan 12) that the thermionic valve was invented by Prof Tommy Flowers in 1938 will cause surprise, not to say consternation, among those of us who have long believed that it was the work of Sir Ambrose Fleming in 1904 and also of Doctor Lee de Forest in 1907.
Young Jessie was never destined to make the roll of honour in either Ambrose Fleming or Kingsmead, the two Enfield schools she attended.
Much of his success was due to the clever people he employed, notably Ambrose Fleming and C.S.
Bowler discusses some examples including the physical scientists Oliver Lodge, Joseph John Thomson, Arthur Stanley Eddington, William Bragg, and John Ambrose Fleming, the biological scientists Joseph Needham, J.B.S.
A British electrical engineer, John Ambrose Fleming (1849-1945), studied the Edison effect on a hot filament and a cold plate enclosed in an evacuated glass vessel and separated by a gap.