Philips, Ambrose

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Philips, Ambrose,

1674–1749, English author. After resigning his fellowship from Cambridge in 1708, he moved to London and became known in the literary Whig coterie of Addison. He is principally remembered for his quarrel with Pope about the relative merits of their pastorals that appeared in the 1709 edition of Jacob Tonson's miscellany. He wrote three verse tragedies, of which only The Distrest Mother (1712), adapted from Racine's Andromaque, had any success. In 1718 he began the Freethinker, a periodical in imitation of the Spectator. His nickname "Namby-Pamby" was given to him by Henry Carey because of the cloying sentimentality of his poems in praise of childhood.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Tate) (1685); Ambrose Philips in Tonsons Miscellany (1709); and "J.M." in The Gentlemens Magazine (1791).
The last of the versions to be discussed before turning to Crashaw's is that of Ambrose Philips. Published first in Tonson's Miscellany (1708), Philips's Fifth Pastoral consists of 98 lines in its earlier form and 112 lines in the slightly expanded version of 1748.
Chapter four examines the relationship of the georgic to British nationhood and chapters five and six dissect Ambrose Philips's Cyder (1708) and Richard Jago's Edge-Hill (1767) within that context.
In the previously published eighteenth-century volumes (1990), Danchin was able to point to items that developed a separate life: the very controversial epilogue to Ambrose Philips's The Distrest Mother, for example, when Anne Oldfield, who had just been playing the tragically bereaved Andromache, pops up to comment on the play from the knowing, cynical perspective of contemporary mores:
In addition to Addison and Steele themselves, contributors included Alexander Pope, Thomas Tickell, and Ambrose Philips. Addison's reputation as an essayist has surpassed that of Steele, but Steele's friendly tone was a perfect balance and support for the more dispassionate style of Addison.
Among his other works are Rural Sports (1713), a poem dedicated to Pope; The Shepherd's Week (1714), six pastorals written partly to parody the pastorals of Ambrose Philips;