Juneberry

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Juneberry:

see shadbushshadbush,
 Juneberry,
or serviceberry,
any species of the genus Amelanchier of the family Rosaceae (rose family), chiefly North American shrubs or trees conspicuous in the early spring for their white blossoms.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
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juneberry

juneberry

Small shrubby tree up to 24 ft (8m) with berries that look and taste very much like blueberries. Lewis and Clark lived off juneberries when they travelled across and discovered America. Already ripe in the spring. They require no care to grow. Taste best fresh and raw. Leaves look like apple leaves. Small white apple-like 5-petal flowers that look like little white airplane propellers.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Juneberry

 

(Amelanchier), a plant genus of the family Rosa-ceae. The Juneberry is a shrub or small tree, with deciduous round or oval leaves that are dark green on top, light green on the bottom, and dark or yellowish red in autumn. The flowers are white or cream-colored and are gathered into corymb-like racemes at the end of the shoots. The fruit is round and blue-black or reddish violet, with a diameter of up to 10 mm; it is sweet and edible, ripening in July. The Juneberry can grow in almost any soil.

Approximately 25 species are known in North America, North Africa, Western Europe, the Caucasus, and the Crimea. The most widely known species is Amelanchier rotundifolia, which is cultivated for its fruit and nectar and as a decorative plant. Juneberries are reproduced by sowing seeds, grafting roots, and dividing the shrub. A. canadensis is also cultivated; it has greater frost resistance than A. rotundifera.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fortunately, several species of Amelanchier are today available in local nurseries.
Food aversion learning in sheep: persistence of conditioned taste aversions to palatable shrubs (Cercocarpus montanus and Amelanchier alnifolia).
Redroot (Ceanothus americana), Blueberry (Vaccinium spp.), Serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis), Rosa rugosa (Rosa rugosa), Native Hydrangea (Hydrangea arboresens), Fringe Tree (Chionanthus virginica), Prickly Ash (Zanthoxylum americanum), Gingko (Gingko biloba), Birch (Betula spp.), Willow (Salix spp.)
Other foliage favourites include sweet gum (Liqidambur styraciflua ), purple smoke tree (Cotinus coggygria Notcutt's Purple), Snowy Mespilus (Amelanchier lamarckii) and Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida).
In the fencerow along my afternoon trail, the blueberries were entangled with grasses and grew side by side with amelanchier, a small bush that produces a blueberry-size fruit with a prunish taste.
saccharum Sugar maple Aesculus glabra Ohio buckeye Alnus glutinosa European alder Amelanchier sp.
Woody taxon Site 1 Site 2 Site 3 Acer saccharum (1) X Amelanchier arborea X Bumelia lycioides X X Carya ovata (1) X X X Carya ovalis (1) X X Carya cordiformis (1) X Celtis laevigata (1) X X Cercis canadensis X X X Cornusn florida X Forestiera ligustrina X Fraxinus pennsylvanica (1) X Gleditsia tricanthos (1) X X Hypericum densiflorum X Lonicera spp.
Saskatoons derive their appellation from the Cree Indian name "missaskquatoomin." Also called service berry, shad-berry, juneberry, and sometimes saskatoon blueberry, they grow wild and are one of the 13 species found in Canada of the genus amelanchier. A favorite food of birds, bears and other animals, they are commonly found in the bluffs, coulees and open woodlands throughout North America.
Related Family Members in Book: Amelanchier Chaenomeles, Malus, Pyracantha, Pyrus, Rosa, and Spiraea
Sixty-four of these were recorded by one study only, but of these some (e.g., Amelanchier alnifolia, Bromus ciliatus, and Potentilla fruticosa) are ecotone species and may not have been consistently noted.
Amelanchier canadensis bears clusters of fragrant white flowers in early spring, juicy dark blue fruit in midsummer, and autumn leaves in yellow, orange, and red.
Serviceberry trees (Amelanchier canadensis) and several kinds of wildflowers, such as wild columbine (Aquilegia canadensis) and early saxifrage (Saxifraga virginiensis), bloom on the summit in spring.