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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Name of Egyptian pharaohs of the 12th dynasty (Middle Kingdom).

Amenemhet I Founder of the dynasty, ruled circa 2000–1970 B.C. He fought to weaken the power of the local nomarchs (district rulers), replaced the old nomarchs with aristocrats devoted to him, and established new boundaries between the nomes (districts). He launched a campaign against Palestine, made war on the Libyans, and conquered the region of Vavat in the south. His “Sermon” to his son Senusret has come down to us.

Amenemhet II Ruled 1934–1896 B.C. and continued the policy of economic and military penetration into Cush and the land of Punt in East Africa.

Amenemhet III Ruled circa 1849–1801 B.C. The period of his reign is known as the period of the second flourishing of Egypt, for it saw the intensive building of temples, the expansion of copper mines on the Sinai Peninsula, and the construction of irrigation works, mainly in the Faiyum Oasis, where an artificial reservoir—Lake Moeris—was built. The Greek historian Strabo reports that King La-mares (possibly Amenemhet III) constructed a huge building near Faiyum (in northern Egypt), which the Greeks called the Labyrinth.

Amenemhet IV Ruled circa 1801–1792 B.C.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Egyptian Job details the empty burial chamber of ancient Egyptian King Amenemhat III.
During the ceremony Anany announced new discovery of an ancient winding wall that extends about 60 meters to the east of Amenemhat II pyramid.
The itinerary includes 12 statues from different pharaonic eras including the Narmer Palette for the Early Dynastic, a Triad of King Menkaura dating to the 4th dynasty of the Old Kingdom, a Sphinx of king Amenemhat III belonging to the Middle Kingdom, and a New Kingdom's Statue of Amenhotep son Hapu.
The tomb on the West Bank of the Nile River dates from the 18th Dynasty and belongs to Amenemhat, a goldsmith dedicated to the ancient god Amun-Re.
Antiquities Minister Khaled Al-Anani said at a news conference that the ancient burial place dates back to the 18th family, containing remains of a goldsmith, named Amenemhat. A collection of jewelries and miniature statues were found in the tomb.
The scribes consist of Paheri, Senenmut, Tjanuni, Amenemhat, Tutankhamun, Haremhab, Dedia, Inena, Hori, and Djehutimose Tjaroy, and chapters address issues like their tasks, literacy (including royal and womenAEs literacy), criteria for the term of scribe, its role beyond the administrative realm, and the boundaries between scribes and draughtsmen and soldiers.
The existence of these and other Egyptian philosophers such as Ptahhotep, Duauf, Amenhotep, Imhotep, Amenemhat, Merikare, Sehotepibre, Khunanup, and Akhenaten demonstrates that there is a body of knowledge in rights related discourse that preceded Greek philosophy.
Therefore, it is preferable to date the Sinaitic inscriptions based on context as Alan Gardiner did and assign all but the most stylized examples (e.g., Sinai 375c) to the reigns of Amenemhat III and Amenemhat IV (1831-1777 B.C.E.).
So the narrator of the "Introduction" impugns the "shameless" treasure-seekers who violated "the coffin-chamber" of the "rock-hewn cave" and "broke up" the "bodies of the High Priest, Amenemhat, and of his wife, father and mother of Harmachis" (Cleopatra 1-2).
1937) (remarking a witnessed will dating to the reign of Amenemhat III in Egypt, c.