The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Name of Egyptian pharaohs of the 12th dynasty (Middle Kingdom).

Amenemhet I Founder of the dynasty, ruled circa 2000–1970 B.C. He fought to weaken the power of the local nomarchs (district rulers), replaced the old nomarchs with aristocrats devoted to him, and established new boundaries between the nomes (districts). He launched a campaign against Palestine, made war on the Libyans, and conquered the region of Vavat in the south. His “Sermon” to his son Senusret has come down to us.

Amenemhet II Ruled 1934–1896 B.C. and continued the policy of economic and military penetration into Cush and the land of Punt in East Africa.

Amenemhet III Ruled circa 1849–1801 B.C. The period of his reign is known as the period of the second flourishing of Egypt, for it saw the intensive building of temples, the expansion of copper mines on the Sinai Peninsula, and the construction of irrigation works, mainly in the Faiyum Oasis, where an artificial reservoir—Lake Moeris—was built. The Greek historian Strabo reports that King La-mares (possibly Amenemhet III) constructed a huge building near Faiyum (in northern Egypt), which the Greeks called the Labyrinth.

Amenemhet IV Ruled circa 1801–1792 B.C.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hans-Werner Fischer-Elfert behandelt in seinem Beitrag ein kleines Ostrakon, welches "Die Lehre des Amenemhet im Totentempel des Chephren" und hier den Beginn der neunten Strophe beinhaltet.
Inscriptions on a rock on Sehel Island, Aswan, November 2, 2006 - Wikimedia The prosperity of this island was due to its connection with the goddess Anubis, who was worshipped during the 12th Dynasty under the reign of Amenemhet II; she was considered to be a personification of the Nile and the waters of inundation.
The river control system of Amenemhet III (1817-1722 BC) and evacuation and of population of Pompeii at the time of eruption of volcano Vesuvius (AD 79)8 are few such examples.
The Golden Book of the Dead of Amenemhet (pToronto ROM 910.85.236.1-13)
The pyramid, which was once white but now is black, is believed to have been built by Amenemhet III to mark his final resting place.
Amenemhet Ashenafi, formerly D'Andra Freeman (Class of 2002), held almost all of the Falcons' football rushing records at the end of his career, as well as several league records.
Lichtheim who discusses the tomb inscription of Amenemhet, which is "teaching" for his descendants, but in the form of positive and negative autobiography (1992:116-117).
The entire original text of the teachings (Lehre) of Amenemhet are presented in this volume in a line-by-line format, with notes, bibliography, and commentary on the facing page.
Pharaoh Amenemhet III built the Labyrinth Pyramid in Hawara.
Notable among them are a forceful sphinx depicting Amenemhet III with the mane of a lion and the extraordinary "fish gods" from Tanis.
As a matter of fact, the origins of autobiography can be traced back to the twelfth dynasty (1991-1962 BC) of ancient Egypt, in the writings of Amenemhet (Kramer 20).