Amenemhet I

Amenemhet I

(ä'mĕnĕm`hĕt, ā'–), d. 1970 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, founder of the XII dynasty. The son of a powerful Theban family, he seized the kingship c.2000 B.C. The XII dynasty ushered in the Middle Kingdom of Egypt; the subsequent dynasty of pharaohs named Amenemhet or Sesostris maintained peace throughout their hegemony, thus enabling the arts and sciences to flourish as they never would again in Egypt. Amenemhet I centralized the government and subjected the long-powerful nobles to a virtually feudal state. His son and successor, Sesostris ISesostris I
, d. 1926 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, 2d ruler of the XII dynasty; son and successor of Amenemhet I. He was coregent with his father from 1980 B.C.; from 1971 to 1926 he was sole ruler. His reign was notable for successful campaigns in Nubia.
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 was coregent from 1980 B.C.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ihy and Hetep, two high priests who served the pharaoh Amenemhet I, devised the burials, each of which lies at the end of an underground shaft connected to an above-ground temple.
Ihy and Hetep worked in a mortuary cult that preserved the memory of Teti, a pharaoh who ruled 300 years before Amenemhet I. Their tombs extend just inside the sacred wall around Teti's pyramid and bear designs, inscriptions, and artwork (such as carvings from Ihy's temple, shown here) typical of Teti's era, Silverman contends.
This in turn leads him to suggest a new solution to the problem of the possible coregency of Amenemhat I and Senwosret I, in which the reigns of the two kings overlap by three years, with Senwosret I receiving his coronation in Amenemhet I's twenty-eighth year.