Amenhotep III


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Related to Amenhotep III: Amenhotep IV, Akhenaton, Tutankhamun, Horemheb

Amenhotep III

(ä'mĕnhō`tĕp, ā'–) or

Amenophis III

(ă'mĕnō`fĭs), d. c.1372 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XVIII dynasty. He succeeded his father, Thutmose IVThutmose IV
or Thothmes IV
, reigned c.1406–1398 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XVIII dynasty, son and successor of Amenhotep II. He invaded Asia and Nubia, and formed alliances with independent kings neighboring his Syrian tributaries.
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, c.1411 B.C. His reign marks the culmination and the start of the decline of the XVIII dynasty. It was the age of Egypt's greatest splendor; there was peace in his Asian empire (in spite of incursions by Bedouins and Hittites), and he invaded Nubia only once. This was the period of extreme elaboration in Egyptian architecture and sculpture. Amenhotep III built extensively at Thebes, Luxor, and Karnak. His wife TiyTiy
, fl. 1385 B.C., queen of ancient Egypt, wife of Amenhotep III. Of humble origin, she was remarkable for her influence in state affairs in the reigns of her husband and of Ikhnaton, her son.
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 was given an unprecedented position as queen consort and exerted much influence over her husband and his son and successor, IkhnatonIkhnaton
or Akhenaton
[Egyptian,=Aton is satisfied], d. c.1354 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (c.1372–1354 B.C.), of the XVIII dynasty; son and successor of Amenhotep III. His name at his accession was Amenhotep IV, but he changed it to honor the god Aton.
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 (Amenhotep IV). The sources of the "solar monotheism" of the god Aton, elaborated by Ikhnaton, may be traced to the reign of Amenhotep III. Tablets found at Tell el AmarnaTell el Amarna
or Tel el Amarna
, ancient locality, Egypt, near the Nile and c.60 mi (100 km) N of Asyut. Ikhnaton's capital, Akhetaton, was in Tell el Amarna. About 400 tablets with inscriptions in Akkadian cuneiform were found there in 1887.
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 shed light on the sociopolitical conditions in Egypt and Asia Minor in the 14th cent. B.C.

Bibliography

See biographies by J. Fletcher (2000) and A. P. Kozloff (2011); study by D. O'Connor (2001).

Amenhotep III

, Amenhotpe III
Greek name Amenophis. ?1411--?1375 bc, Egyptian pharaoh who expanded Egypt's influence by peaceful diplomacy and erected many famous buildings
References in periodicals archive ?
Smoothly polished, and showing "youthful sculpted features," the 2.5 metre high head belonged to a statue of Amenhotep III in a standing position wearing the Upper Egyptian white crown.
"Hundreds of sculptures of this ferocious feline were commissioned by King Amenhotep III, perhaps as a means to combat some adversity, such as a plague."
In 1817, Belzoni discovered the tombs of Amenhotep III, Ramses I, Merneptah, and Ay, as well as the entrance to the sepulcher of Seti I, Ramses I's son.
One fine monument that suffered this fate was a columned temple at Elephantine dedicated by King Amenhotep III to Khnum, lord of the cataract region.
The sculpture is believed to be from the time of King Tut's grandfather, the pharaoh Amenhotep III, who ruled in the 14th century B.C.
Mostafa Waziri, secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, stated in a press release that the statue's dimensions are 5 metres long, 3.5 metres high, and 1.5 metres wide, and it is believed to belong to Amenhotep III of the 18th Dynasty.
Now for the monumental: a two-metre-high granite figure of Sekhmet Enthroned made during the reign of Amenhotep III (1390-1352 BC).
They belonged to a housewife called Merit and her husband Kha, who was an architect to Joann's favourite pharaoh, Amenhotep III. Joann is entranced by their kitchens, their toiletries and even their love lives.
The glass fragment was given to Swansea Museum in 1959 and circumstantial evidence suggests it came from the tomb of queen Tiye, who was Amenhotep III's wife.
Two pharaohs who came before Akhenaten - Amenhotep III and Tuthmosis IV - seem to have had similar physiques.
Akhenaten's parents, Amenhotep III and Tiye, were most probably healthy.