Amenhotep III

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Amenhotep III

(ä'mĕnhō`tĕp, ā'–) or

Amenophis III

(ă'mĕnō`fĭs), d. c.1372 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XVIII dynasty. He succeeded his father, Thutmose IVThutmose IV
or Thothmes IV
, reigned c.1406–1398 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, of the XVIII dynasty, son and successor of Amenhotep II. He invaded Asia and Nubia, and formed alliances with independent kings neighboring his Syrian tributaries.
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, c.1411 B.C. His reign marks the culmination and the start of the decline of the XVIII dynasty. It was the age of Egypt's greatest splendor; there was peace in his Asian empire (in spite of incursions by Bedouins and Hittites), and he invaded Nubia only once. This was the period of extreme elaboration in Egyptian architecture and sculpture. Amenhotep III built extensively at Thebes, Luxor, and Karnak. His wife TiyTiy
, fl. 1385 B.C., queen of ancient Egypt, wife of Amenhotep III. Of humble origin, she was remarkable for her influence in state affairs in the reigns of her husband and of Ikhnaton, her son.
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 was given an unprecedented position as queen consort and exerted much influence over her husband and his son and successor, IkhnatonIkhnaton
or Akhenaton
[Egyptian,=Aton is satisfied], d. c.1354 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (c.1372–1354 B.C.), of the XVIII dynasty; son and successor of Amenhotep III. His name at his accession was Amenhotep IV, but he changed it to honor the god Aton.
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 (Amenhotep IV). The sources of the "solar monotheism" of the god Aton, elaborated by Ikhnaton, may be traced to the reign of Amenhotep III. Tablets found at Tell el AmarnaTell el Amarna
or Tel el Amarna
, ancient locality, Egypt, near the Nile and c.60 mi (100 km) N of Asyut. Ikhnaton's capital, Akhetaton, was in Tell el Amarna. About 400 tablets with inscriptions in Akkadian cuneiform were found there in 1887.
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 shed light on the sociopolitical conditions in Egypt and Asia Minor in the 14th cent. B.C.


See biographies by J. Fletcher (2000) and A. P. Kozloff (2011); study by D. O'Connor (2001).

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Amenhotep III

, Amenhotpe III
Greek name Amenophis. ?1411--?1375 bc, Egyptian pharaoh who expanded Egypt's influence by peaceful diplomacy and erected many famous buildings
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Beide Szenen erscheinen im privaten Kontext zuerst in Memphis und werden folgend wahrend der Ramessidenzeit auch in Theben in Grabern angebracht, wobei beide hier unter Amenophis III. das erste Mal erscheinen.
But these things were more precious than gold and they turned out to be the famous 'Amarna Letters', tablets found at Tel El Amarna and connected specifically to the reigns of Akhenaten and his father, Amenophis III, a man who Akhenaten loathed to the point that when he became ruler he ritually defaced all monuments bearing his father's name and titles.
A spectacular exhibition dedicated to the reign of Amenophis III is currently delighting crowds in Paris.
Although not as instantly resplendent as the gold and precious stones we associate with Tutankhamun's tomb treasures, the Amenophis III exhibition is none the less impressive.
By Idris Tawfiq - The Egyptian Gazette Behind a colossal group of limestone statues of King Amenophis III, his wife Tyi and three of their daughters, from the temple of Medinat Habu on the West Bank at Luxor, there is a small section of the Egyptian Museum of Antiquities dedicated to Pharaoh Amenhoptep IV.
(3) Thus letters EA 68-95 are considered as having been written under the rule of Amenophis III, and letters EA 102 onwards are thought to be from the time of Akhenaton.
Later, probably due to the influence of Gardiner, (5) the accepted view tended to lay the blame for the supposed neglect of vassals on both Amenophis III and Akhenaton.
In addition, one can cite these studies also ignored by Symons: "La clessidra egizia del Museo Barracco," VO 6 (1986): 193-209; "Some Considerations of Egyptian Star-Clocks," Archiv der Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften 22-24 (1988): 1127-50--a very useful work--and "La cleissidra di Karnak: L'orologia ad acqua di Amenophis III," OA 28 (1989): 227-71.
Similar military activities, staff fighting and boxing, are seen in tomb pictures of the ceremonies before Amenophis III during his third Jubilee Festival.
Interestingly enough, the first primary evidence concerning the Hittites to become available to modern scholarship pertains precisely to the latter years of this period: copies of letters (in Hittite!) exchanged by Amenophis III and Tarhuntaradu of Arzawa in southwestern Anatolia, which were discovered among the Amarna correspondence and initially published in 1889-90 (EA 31 = VBoT 1 and EA 32 = VBoT2).