American Federation of Teachers

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American Federation of Teachers

(AFT), an affiliate of the AFL-CIO. It was formed (1916) out of the belief that the organizing of teachers should follow the model of a labor union, rather than that of a professional association. From the 1960s to the late 1990s the AFT grew from 55,000 to 907,000 members. The union promotes collective bargaining for teachers and other educational employees; conducts research on teacher stress, special education, and other education-related issues; and lobbies for the passage of legislation of importance to education. The union has also reflected an increasing willingness on the part of American teachers to use militant labor union tactics, including strikes and the threat of strikes, in contract negotiations. In 1998 the leadership of AFT and the National Education AssociationNational Education Association
(NEA), organization of professional educators in the United States, with almost 2.5 million members. The NEA was founded (1850) as the National Teachers Association, changed its name in 1857, and was chartered by Congress in 1906.
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 (NEA) supported a merger of the two groups, but delegates to the NEA's annual meeting rejected the proposal.


See R. J. Braun, Teachers and Power (1972); M. Berube, Teacher Politics (1988).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Hartford Federation of Teachers even served in 2001 as host of a national American Federation of Teachers (AFT) conference on collaborating with school management to improve failing schools.
Sandra Feldman, late president of the American Federation of Teachers, called for high-quality, voluntary, universal preschool, as well as for a program called Kindergarten-Plus, which provides disadvantaged children with additional time in school during the summers before and after the ordinary kindergarten year.
In a major joint effort to address concerns about classroom assessment and delineate teacher assessment literacy, the American Federation of Teachers, the National Council on Measurement in Education, and the National Education Association developed seven Standards for Teacher Competence in Educational Assessment of Students (AFT, NCME, & NEA, 1990).
Coverage includes such topics as the challenges of the education reform movement of the 1980s and the failed merger attempt between the NEA and the American Federation of Teachers.
Barnett notes, a 2004 survey by the American Federation of Teachers of its members in Chicago and Washington, DC, found about one-fourth missed three to four days of work a year because of building conditions.
States have slashed the number of public employees in key safety positions and workers' salaries are at a standstill--a result of continuing budget pressures plaguing the states--according to the 2004 American Federation of Teachers (AFT) Public Employees Compensation Survey.
The teacher ought to be in charge and in control," Maryann Gracyzk, president of the Mississippi American Federation of Teachers, told ABC News.
Michael Cannarella, the labor representative for Oregon Local 2277 of the American Federation of Teachers, said recent budget cuts in higher education by the Legislature have worsened the problem.
On May 20, Americans United for Separation of Church and State, along with other public interest groups, such as the ACLU of Colorado, the National Education Association, the American Jewish Committee and the American Federation of Teachers, brought suit in Denver District Court on a slew of state constitutional grounds.
Three out of five hospital nurses say they care for too many patients, according to a survey from the American Federation of Teachers and its health care division, AFT Healthcare.
Hubbard, senior assistant in the higher education department of the American Federation of Teachers, traces the history and evolution of public library services to labor unions from the mid-nineteenth century to the modern day, while Sparanese, a reference librarian at the Englewood (New Jersey) Public Library and chair of the John Sessions Memorial Award Committee, focuses on unique services and programming provided to unions by public libraries, highlighting some past Sessions Award winners.
Last July, when the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) met in Washington, D.

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