American Indian Movement


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Related to American Indian Movement: Wounded Knee

American Indian Movement

(AIM), Native American civil-rights activist organization, founded in 1968 to encourage self-determination among Native Americans and to establish international recognition of their treaty rights. In 1972, members of AIM briefly took over the headquarters of the Bureau of Indian AffairsIndian Affairs, Bureau of,
created (1824) in the U.S. War Dept. and transferred (1849) to the U.S. Dept. of the Interior. The War Dept. managed Native American affairs after 1789, but a separate bureau was not set up for many years.
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 in Washington, D.C. They complained that the government had created the tribal councils on reservations in 1934 as a way of perpetuating paternalistic control over Native American development. In 1973, about 200 Sioux, led by members of AIM, seized the tiny village of Wounded KneeWounded Knee,
creek, rising in SW S.Dak. and flowing NW to the White River; site of the last major battle of the Indian wars. After the death of Sitting Bull, a band of Sioux, led by Big Foot, fled into the badlands, where they were captured by the 7th Cavalry on Dec.
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, S.Dak., site of the last great massacre of Native Americans by the U.S. cavalry (1890). Among their demands was a review of more than 300 treaties between the Native Americans and the federal government that AIM alleged were broken. Wounded Knee was occupied for 71 days before the militants surrendered. The leaders were subsequently brought to trial, but the case was dismissed on grounds of misconduct by the prosecution. AIM also sponsored talks resulting in the 1977 International Treaty Conference with the UN in Geneva, Switzerland.
References in periodicals archive ?
41-51), using mostly Peltier's own words, Matthiessen traces the birth of an American Indian Movement warrior.
John's U) thoroughly researched this fascinating story beginning with the origins of the Twin Cities Indian community and the American Indian Movement (AIM).
Finally, I will take a look at how the Patriot Act, enacted after the attacks on September 11, 2001, has affected the civil rights and movement patterns of shaman and American Indian Movement members.
Professor Reinhardt amply supports his thesis that the siege was not simply a political stunt of the American Indian Movement, but a genuine grassroots protest that was developing over the previous forty years.
Dozens of them--from the American Indian Movement to San Antonio-based workers' rights advocates Fuerza Unida to the Muncie, Indiana volunteer group MLK Dream TEAM--participated in a five-stop bus tour dubbed the "People's Freedom Caravan" from Albuquerque to Atlanta in the week leading up to USSF.
Wounded by the flood of hate mail that followed, he retreated to his East Berlin estate to start work on Bloody Heart, a film about the American Indian Movement with Alexander Nevsky-like pretensions.
But current laird David Carnegie, 45, who farms from Kinnaird Castle in Angus, gave the go-ahead despite the American Indian Movement saying: "To us, it is the equivalent of gold teeth from Auschwitz being sold off.
It drew interest from around the world and even provoked the powerful American Indian Movement (AIM) to invoke laws to try to force the items to be returned to the original tribes.
For example, topics like the Federal White Paper released in 1969, the American Indian Movement, the Wounded Knee Massacre, and government restrictions on sacred Aboriginal ceremonies like the potlatch are repetitiously addressed in some detail in various chapters.
Ojibwa warrior: Dennis Banks and the rise of the American Indian Movement.
He previously worked for the American Indian Movement as Head of the International Indian Treaty Committee at the United Nations.

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