American Labor party


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American Labor party,

organized in New York by labor leaders and liberals in 1936, primarily to support Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal and the men favoring it in national and local elections. It gathered strength in New York state and particularly in New York City and had considerable weight there in tipping the scales toward chosen Democratic or Republican candidates. After 1939 it was much torn by strife between left-wing and right-wing factions, chiefly concerning policy toward the USSR. In 1944 an anti-Communist group led by David DubinskyDubinsky, David
, 1892–1982, American labor leader, president (1932–66) of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU), b. Brest-Litovsk, Poland. He was a baker in his father's shop in Lodz (then in Russian Poland), and after becoming active in the bakers'
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, defeated in the primaries, dropped out and formed the Liberal party. In 1948 the party polled over 500,000 votes for Henry A. Wallace for President, but many members withdrew in opposition to his candidacy. Failing to poll 50,000 votes in the 1954 New York state election, it lost its place on the New York ballot. In 1956 the party was voted out of existence by its New York state committee.
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References in periodicals archive ?
A second engagement with the Communists was fought within the American Labor Party, a third party in New York State established by Socialist-minded unionists to provide union members a way to back Roosevelt in 1936 without having to identify themselves with the Democratic party of Tammany Hall.
Fiercely attacked by both major parties in 1946 he entered both the Democratic and Republican primaries, won in both, and ran as well on the American Labor Party ticket.
There were three candidates: a Democrat who was perfectly OK but a hack; a Republican who was probably not as terrible as all Republicans are these days; and a candidate for the American Labor Party who everyone said was a Communist.
The only member of Congress from the American Labor Party (A.L.P.), he became so thoroughly identified with the domestic and foreign agenda of the Communist Party that most of his career was spent in a political isolation his natural combativeness only enhanced.
The last chapter of this third section, titled "1954: Fewer Higginses, More Plots," gives a rapid thumbnail sketch of the American condition when "McCarthy's decline and fall came at a time of such uninhibited probing as to provide small cheer for the Higgins tribe." Belfrage consistently uses Jimmie or Jane Higgins instead of the perjorative "fellow traveller" for the devoted, somewhat non-ideological radical activist who, in or out of the Party, formed the rank and file workers of the unemployed councils, the emerging CIO locals, the housing councils, the anti-facsist, anti-Nazi, civil rights groups, and the American Labor Party, as well as WPA Arts Projects.

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