American Legion


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American Legion,

national association of male and female war veterans, founded (1919) in Paris. Membership is open to veterans of World Wars I and II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. The preamble to the organization's constitution, adopted at the convention in St. Louis that same year, expresses its purposes in part as "to uphold and defend the Constitution of the United States; to maintain law and order; to foster and perpetuate a one hundred percent Americanism; … to safeguard and transmit to posterity the principles of justice, freedom, and democracy; to consecrate and sanctify our comradeship by our devotion to mutual helpfulness." The organization has done much work in social welfare, particularly in the areas of veterans' benefits and child care. With national headquarters in Indianapolis, Ind., it is the largest veterans' association; it holds an annual convention, which often addresses national issues. The American Legion's efforts have been bent not only to obtaining benefits for veterans but also for the families of those who died in war. Although it is organized on a nonpartisan, nonpolitical basis, its policies have been criticized as extremely conservative by many opponents, and its influence has waned, particularly with the loss of many World War II veterans. There is also a women's auxiliary for the wives, mothers, sisters, and daughters of veterans.

Bibliography

See R. Moley, The American Legion Story (1966); W. Pencak, For God and Country: The American Legion, 1919–1941 (1989).

American Legion

 

the largest organization of war veterans in the USA. Founded in 1919. In 1968 its membership numbered 2.3 million. The legion is financed by large monopolies and is supervised by an executive committee and national commander elected at its annual conference. There is a far-flung network of lower level organizations (the so-called local posts). Operating with the slogan “100 Percent Americanism,” the leadership of the legion takes a reactionary position on issues affecting American foreign and domestic policy.

References in periodicals archive ?
Despite those who may want to see the Cubs working more, and not less, Maddon reiterated his belief that American Legion Week will pay off in the long run.
June 23, 1935 The first American Legion Boys State convenes in Springfield, Ill., to help youths gain an understanding of the structure and operation of the federal government.
Any American Legion or Veterans of Foreign Wars post; many have free pamphlets on flag etiquette
Forest Service's Memorial Projects site--where locales go to register their memorials to the victims of 9/11--describes the American Legion Memorial Garden as offering "a unique healing design with a winding path that enables the visitor to reflect in a peaceful setting.
In keeping with the nearly 100-years of tradition of The American Legion, the American Legion posts in this area will focus on community service and assistance to veterans.
Tatnuck American Legion Post 288 executive board will meet at 6:30 p.m.
Under the terms of the agreement AT&T will integrate The American Legion's voice services with AT&T Business Network (ABN), AT&T ISDN Primary Rate Interface (PRI) and a Nortel Private Branch Exchange (PBX).
Working with AMERICAN FORESTS, the American Legion and the World War II Veterans Committee, members of three local Girl Scout troops used the ribbon-tying event to help restore the grove's status as a memorial to the soldiers who died in the "War to End All Wars."
Celebrate American Legion 100th anniversary in Barrington
Senator Sherrod Brown (D-OH introduced a Senate resolution celebrating the American Legion's 100 year anniversary of serving veterans of the Armed Forces, their families and communities.
Members of East Side Post 201 American Legion marching in Worcester's Columbus Day parade should meet at the post quarters, 326 Planation St., Worcester, at 10 a.m.
Senators Todd Young (R-Ind.), Mike Braun (R-Ind.), Jon Tester (D-Mont.), and Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio) introduced a Senate resolution celebrating the American Legion's 100 year anniversary of serving veterans of the Armed Forces, their families and communities.

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