American Nazi Party
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American Nazi Party
George Lincoln Rockwell decided that if he couldn’t be president of the United States, he could still have people saluting him as founder of the American Nazi Party.
The American Nazi Party was founded in February 1959 in the residence of George Lincoln Rockwell in Arlington, Virginia. Rather than gathering in a crowded meeting hall with hundreds of men wearing swastika armbands and saluting their new leader with a chorus of “Sieg, heils,” six people gathered in the Rockwell living room and voted to call their group the World Union Free Enterprise National Socialists. Later, they would change their name to American Nazi Party and, when Rockwell began his candidacy for the presidency of the United States, the George Lincoln Rockwell Party.
Rockwell wanted to be president, but he told his followers that first, in 1966, he would gain the governorship of Virginia. In another six years, by 1972, he would be elected president.
Rockwell’s party platform was easily defined:
- Confiscate all property owned by Jews.
- Sterilize all Jews.
- Exterminate all Jews who are guilty of resistance or treason.
- Deport all African Americans to Africa.
- Amend the U.S. Constitution to comply with the governing concepts of the Third Reich.
Rockwell was fined and imprisoned several times. On August 25, 1967, he was shot and killed as he pulled out of a parking space in an Arlington shopping center. The assassin, firing from the rooftop of a beauty salon across the street, was a “captain” in the American Nazi Party, John Patler, twenty-nine. In December 1967 Patler was sentenced to twenty years in prison for Rockwell’s murder.
The group was taken over by Matt Koehl, who renamed it the National Socialist White People’s Party. In 1970 Frank Collin splintered the party and founded the National Socialist Party of America, which gained headlines around the world for its attempt to march through the largely Jewish community of Skokie, Illinois. In 1979 Collin’s ambition to lead a new Nazi America was thwarted when he was arrested, convicted, and sent to prison on child molestation charges.
A reborn American Nazi Party, formerly known as the European American Education Association, is based in Eastpointe, Michigan, and is headed by Rocky Suhayda. In all its rallies and public appearances, the American Nazi Party recites the fourteen words of its motto: “We must secure the existence of our people and a future for White children.”