badger

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Related to American badger: hog badger, Japanese badger

badger,

name for several related members of the weaselweasel,
name for certain small, lithe, carnivorous mammals of the family Mustelidae (weasel family). Members of this family are generally characterized by long bodies and necks, short legs, small rounded ears, and medium to long tails.
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 family. Most badgers are large, nocturnal, burrowing animals, with broad, heavy bodies, long snouts, large, sharp claws, and long, grizzled fur. The Old World badger, Meles meles, is found in Europe and in Asia N of the Himalayas; it is about 3 ft (90 cm) long, with a 4-in. (10-cm) tail, and weighs about 30 lb (13.6 kg). Its unusual coloring, light above and dark below, is unlike that of most mammals but is found in some other members of the family. The head is white, with a conspicuous black stripe on each side. European badgers live, often in groups, in large burrows called sets, which they usually dig in dry slopes in woods. They emerge at night to forage for food; their diet is mainly earthworms but also includes rodents, young rabbits, insects, and plant matter. The American badger, Taxidea taxus, is about 2 ft (60 cm) long, with a 5-in. (13-cm) tail and weighs 12 to 24 lb (5.4–10.8 kg); it is very short-legged, which gives its body a flattened appearance. The fur is yellowish gray and the face black, with a white stripe over the forehead and around each eye. It is found in open grasslands and deserts of W and central North America, from N Alberta to N Mexico. It feeds largely on rodents and carrion; an extremely swift burrower, it pursues ground squirrels and prairie dogs into their holes, and may construct its own living quarters 30 ft (9.1 m) below ground level. American badgers are solitary and mostly nocturnal; in the extreme north they sleep through the winter. Several kinds of badger are found in SE Asia; these are classified in a number of genera. Badgers are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Carnivora, family Mustelidae.

badger

[′baj·ər]
(design engineering)
(engineering)
A tool used inside a pipe or culvert to remove any excess mortar or deposits.
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of eight species of carnivorous mammals in six genera comprising the subfamily Melinae of the weasel family (Mustelidae).

badger

backwater valve: installation
1. A tool used inside a pipe or culvert to remove excess mortar or deposits.

badger

1. any of various stocky omnivorous musteline mammals of the subfamily Melinae, such as Meles meles (Eurasian badger), occurring in Europe, Asia, and North America: order Carnivora (carnivores). They are typically large burrowing animals, with strong claws and a thick coat striped black and white on the head
2. honey badger another name for ratel
References in periodicals archive ?
The American badger, like other predators (Lima, 2002; Quinn and Creswell, 2004), is a versatile hunter capable of varying predatory behaviors according to proximate circumstances.
Aboveground predation by an American badger (Taxidea taxus) on black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus).
Hunting techniques and tool use by North American badgers preying on Richardson's ground squirrels.
The expanding range of the American badger into the Mississippi Alluvial Plain of northeastern Arkansas likely originated from southeastern Missouri.
During the past decade, new records of American badgers in Arkansas (and particularly in northeastern Arkansas) have been submitted to the Arkansas Natural Heritage Commission.
American badgers have been classified as furbearers in Arkansas since the 1980-1981 trapping season and have been legal to take during trapping seasons since then.
Documentation of populations of American badgers is difficult due to their nocturnal habits and wary nature; many records are based on discovery of specimens hit along roadways (Mumford and Whitaker, 1982).
American badgers were trapped at burrows by placing a pair of number-three, coil-spring traps (Duke Company, West Point, Mississippi) at the mouth of burrows.
Active burrows were determined by locating sedentary American badgers while random sites were chosen using a random-number generator and compass to determine distance (m) and direction from the burrow.
A total of 1,430 trap nights resulted in capture of five American badgers (two adult males, two subadult males, and one adult female).
I assumed that scats from American badgers and long-tailed weasels would not be deposited aboveground and that scats from American black bears, raccoons, and skunks could be distinguished according to visual characteristics (Murie, 1975; Halfpenny, 1986).
I detected no evidence for limited coexistence between coyotes and American badgers, or American badgers and bobcats on the North Rim, or between gray foxes and bobcats or coyotes and bobcats on the South Rim.

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