cranberry

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Related to American cranberry: American cranberry bush, Black Chokeberry

cranberry,

low creeping evergreen bogbog,
very old lake without inlet or outlet that becomes acid and is gradually overgrown with a characteristic vegetation (see swamp). Peat moss, or sphagnum, grows around the edge of the open water of a bog (peat is obtained from old bogs) and out on the surface.
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 plant of the genus Oxycoccus of the family Ericaceae (heathheath,
in botany, common name for some members of the Ericaceae, a family of chiefly evergreen shrubs with berry or capsule fruits. Plants of the heath family form the characteristic vegetation of many regions with acid soils, particularly the moors, swamps, and mountain slopes
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 family). Cranberries are considered by some botanists to belong to the blueberry genus Vaccinium. The cultivated species is the native American or large cranberry (O. or V. macrocarpus). The tart red berries are used for sauces, jellies, pies, and beverages. The Massachusetts colonists probably served wild cranberries with turkey at the first harvest feast in 1621, establishing a Thanksgiving tradition. Commercial cultivation began in Massachusetts in the early 19th cent., then in New Jersey and Wisconsin, later in Washington and Oregon and in Canada. United States cranberry acreage now totals c.25,000. Massachusetts leads in production, followed by Wisconsin and New Jersey. Cranberry bogs are flooded to control weeds, to protect against cold, and to facilitate harvesting. Cranberry is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Ericales, family Ericaceae. The high-bush cranberry or cranberry tree, a member of the honeysucklehoneysuckle,
common name for some members of the Caprifoliaceae, a family comprised mostly of vines and shrubs of the Northern Hemisphere, especially abundant in E Asia and E North America.
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 family, is unrelated.

Bibliography

See P. Eck, The American Cranberry (1990).

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cranberry

cranberry

Red tart berries, small leathery shiny oval leaves that stay green year round on wiry stems, white/pink flowers. Used for pleurisy and lung infections. Cranberry may help prevent urinary tract infections, kill viruses and bacteria, prevent kidney stones, soothes rectal disturbances, diarrhea, cystitis. More of a preventative measure than curative. Do not consume if taking Warfarin.

cranberry

[′kran‚ber·ē]
(botany)
Any of several plants of the genus Vaccinium, especially V. macrocarpon, in the order Ericales, cultivated for its small, edible berries.

cranberry

any of several trailing ericaceous shrubs of the genus Vaccinium, such as the European V. oxycoccus, that bear sour edible red berries
References in periodicals archive ?
It needs to be clearly stated and acknowledged by clinicians, scientists and the industry that the impressive outcome of this trial had not been accomplished with American cranberry juice, but with juice from two closely related European species (Nowack, 2003).
Two large-scale trials with American cranberry juice products are under way.
American cranberry ( Vaccinium macrocarpon Aiton); Family: Ericaceae
The American cranberry has been introduced as a neophyte to several European bogs.
Northern regions of the country are where the American cranberry grows the best; the plant does not like the summer heat of the South.
For gardeners who would like to grow cranberries but don't want the hassle, I recommend a plant that can be grown in all but the southernmost regions of the country Viburnum trilobum, or American cranberry bush viburnum, is tough, durable, attractive and produces berries.
American cranberry bush is also native to North America.
The North American cranberry is naturally rich in polyphenolic antioxidants and the approved quantities will ensure that sufficient amounts of proanthocyanidins (type A)--the components responsible for the cranberry's anti-adhesion mechanism are being made available to the consumer.
Ocean Spray's Sweetened Dried Cranberries (SDCs) constitute 30% of the product, ensuring that the native American cranberry's vibrant colour and tart taste are prominent in the cereal bar.
As awareness grows of the substantial health benefits to be reaped from the North American cranberry's nutraceutical properties, the company is displaying its extensive range of cranberry ingredients and their application in functional food and beverage products.
(1) This unique dual health benefit differentiates the North American cranberry from other berries, making it a true superfruit.

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