Bothrops

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bothrops

 

a genus of poisonous reptiles of the family Crotalidae. Body length, 60 cm-2.5 m. Snakes in the genus lack a rattle. There are approximately 60 species, distributed in America (from southern Mexico to northeastern Patagonia). Asiatic spearheaded snakes (32 species, more often separated in the genus Trimeresurus) are sometimes assigned to Bothrops. The snakes are ovoviviparous. Some species live on trees and shrubs; one species is semiaquatic.

The most common member is the fer-de-lance (B. atrox), which prefers sparse forests and plantations of sugarcane and bananas; it is nocturnal and feeds on lizards, rodents, and birds. The bite of most species of Bothrops is dangerous to man.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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