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see reed organreed organ,
an organ in which air is forced over free reeds by means of bellows, usually worked by pedals. It is played by the use of one or more keyboards. Variations in tone are produced by stops that control different sets of reeds or vary the manner in which the air acts
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a keyboard wind instrument. The harmonium was invented in the second decade of the 19th century; its precursor was the orgue expressif designed by the Frenchman G. J. Grenié in 1810. A similarly constructed instrument was created in 1818 by the master A. Häckel. The modern harmonium resembles a small upright piano; it has a piano keyboard, with six to 20 registers activated by movable levers. The keyboard is divided into a left side, with a range from C two octaves below the bass staff to E at the bottom of the treble staff, and a right side, with a range from F at the bottom of the treble staff to C two octaves above the treble staff. Sound is produced when air passes over steel tongues set in brass frames, causing the tongues, which act as free reeds, to vibrate. Air is pumped through channels to the reed compartments by pedal-operated bellows. The sound of the harmonium is similar to that of the organ.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a musical keyboard instrument of the reed organ family, in which air from pedal-operated bellows causes the reeds to vibrate
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(46.) African American Organ Transplant Studies I and II (conducted in Chicago) (hereinafter AAOTS I and II).
Worse, some believe that African American organ donors are not needed.
Despite the need, the number of African American organ donors remains low because of misperceptions about organ donation.
They remained an important ingredient of American organ recitals until the 1940s, when romantic-style organs fell out of fashion and were often replaced by ones better suited to contrapuntally oriented early and modern music.
The overriding goal of the newly-formed American Organ Coalition (AOC) is to overcome opposition to holding a trial on providing financial incentives to increase donation.
The chapters on Saunders's career are the most compelling for the young organist, for these convey the vibrancy of Saunders's teaching and provide a powerful encounter with the most influential American organ pedagogue of our time.
A memorial honoring American organ and tissue donors and their families will be built in Richmond, Virginia as part of the new headquarters building currently under construction for the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS).
He referred to the important breakthrough achieved by Sudan at the level of its European, Asian and American relations after cancellation of the US sanctions imposed on Sudan, indicating that Sudan will work in the second phase of its dialogue with United States for removing its name from the American list of countries supporting terrorism, especially that all the concerned American organs are now aware that Sudan is not supporting terrorism, but playing a positive role in combating this phenomenon.

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