(redirected from American redstarts)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.


common name for an Old World thrush of the genus Phoenicurus, family Turdidae. A small, slender-legged songbird, it is found in woodlands, parks, and heaths. The European redstart, P. phoenicurus, also known as the firetail, breeds as far north as Scotland but winters in Africa. It is red-tailed and black-throated, with a bay-colored breast and ash-blue back and cap. It is a solitary bird and is highly aggressive during its breeding season. The Japanese P. aurorea is the easternmost representative of the genus. Redstarts build crude, cup-shaped nests either near the ground or in the hole of a tree or building. They lay from five to seven greenish-blue, faintly red-spotted eggs per clutch. The common name redstart is also used for several species of small New World wood-warblers, family Parulidae, in the genera Stetophaga and Myioborus. These are aerial insect catchers with wide, flat bills surrounded by stiff whiskerlike bristles called vibrissae. Like the Old World redstarts, to which they are not related, they are songbirds. The North American redstart (S. ruticillia) breeds in the temperate United States and Canada but winters in N South America. It is glossy black with a white breast and has orange wings, tail, and side patches. In females, gray and yellow replace black and orange. In the painted redstart (S. picta) of Central America, both sexes are equally brightly colored, red where its North American cousin is white, and white where the cousin is orange. There are also approximately ten species of redstarts in the tropical genus Myiobarus. The New World redstarts inhabit deciduous forest areas, preferably near water. Their eggs, from three to five per clutch in the northern species and from two to four per clutch in the tropical species, are grayish-white with variously colored spots and speckles. Redstarts are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Passeriformes, families Turdidae and Parulidae.


1. any European songbird of the genus Phoenicurus, esp P. phoenicurus, in which the male has a black throat, orange-brown tail and breast, and grey back: family Muscicapidae (thrushes, etc.)
2. any North American warbler of the genus Setophaga, esp S. ruticilla
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, behaviors of sexually monomorphic species like the Wood Thrush and Ovenbird may differ from the wintering territoriality model of the American Redstart (Runge and Marra 2005), and this may explain why, in our study, we detected no differences by sex in response to playback.
Territorial exclusion by a long-distance migrant warbler in Jamaica: a removal experiment with American Redstarts (Setophaga rusticilla).
For example, at least two species of landbird migrants, Black-throated Green Warbler (Dendroica virens) and American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla) foraged and used habitats differently, depending upon whether individuals were observed in shoreline habitats containing abundant midges or inland where few midges were observed (Smith et al.
Return rates (13-29%) in our study were low for a neotropical migrant when compared to Prairie Warbler (Dendroica discolor) (50%) (Latta and Faaborg 2001), American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla) (40-70%) (Marra and Holmes 2001), and Northern Waterthrush (14-52%) (Reitsma et al.
Foraging behavior of American Redstarts in breeding and wintering habitats: implications for relative food availability.
Common name Species AOU Code American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos AMCR American Goldfinch Spinus tristis AMGO American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla AMRE American Robin Turdus migratorius AMRO Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia BAWW Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus BCCH Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca BLBW Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata BLJA Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens BTNW Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina CHSP Cape May Warbler Dendroica tigrina CMWA Common Raven Corvus corax CORA Chestnut-sided Warbler Dendroica pensylvanica CSWA Golden-crowned Kinglet Regulus satrapa GCKI Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus HAWO Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus HETH Mallard Anas platyrhynchos MALL Magnolia Warbler Dendroica magnolia MAWA Yellow-rumped Warbler D.
Our objectives were to quantify variation in plumage ornamentation, morphology, and arrival behavior of adult male American Redstarts, and levels of parental care provided by both parents to offspring to identify which features may provide a reliable signal to females of male parental effort in this highly ornamented songbird.
2006) reported unpaired male American Redstarts sang First Category songs at significantly higher rates (median, 8.
Similar findings were found in a study of American Redstarts, where unpaired males (n = 4) sang 99% of the 5-min periods, whereas mated males (n = 5) sang in 49% of the 5-min count periods (Staicer et al.
Habitat selection by breeding American Redstarts in response to a dominant competitor, the Least Flycatcher.
Annual survival of adult American Redstarts and Ovenbirds in the southern boreal forest.

Full browser ?