Americans with Disabilities Act

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Americans with Disabilities Act,

U.S. civil-rightscivil rights,
rights that a nation's inhabitants enjoy by law. The term is broader than "political rights," which refer only to rights devolving from the franchise and are held usually only by a citizen, and unlike "natural rights," civil rights have a legal as well as a
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 law, enacted 1990, that forbids discrimination of various sorts against persons with physical or mental handicaps. Its primary emphasis is on enabling these persons to enter the job market and remain employed, but it also outlaws most physical barriers in public accommodations, transportation, telecommunications, and government services. Among the protected class are persons with AIDS and substance abusers who are in treatment. Some 50 million current or potential workers are estimated to be covered by the law's provisions. Studies suggest that the number of disabled persons entering the workforce has not improved significantly, and that a contributing factor may be their reluctance to lose (e.g., because personal income would exceed statutory maximums) other benefits available to them on the basis of their disabilities. The act has already been much litigated. In 1999, for instance, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that correctable conditions like eyesight requiring the use of glasses do not qualify as disabilities under the act, and a 2002 decision established that a disability must limit a person's ability to perform tasks of central importance not just in the workplace but in daily life. In response to some interpretations of the act that narrowed its enforcement, Congress enacted amendments in 2008 that were designed to make the law more inclusive.
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Americans with Disabilities Act

(ADA)
A federal law that defines requirements for handicapped access to public facilities, as described in the ADA Guidelines. It requires removal of existing barriers, except any that would be harmful to the historic significance of a structure.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

A federal law, enacted in 1990, requiring that public accommodations be accessible to those having physical disabilities; this law mandates that existing physical barriers be replaced or modified so there are no impediments to access by the physically disabled. For detailed information, write the US Equal Employment Opportunities Commission, 1801 L Street, NW, Washington, DC 20507. See American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Standard A117.1-1992. Also see Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards and physical disability.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
He was key in passing the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.
efforts under way in Bangladesh, discussed the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and reaffirmed America's commitment to removing barriers that prevent persons with disabilities from enjoying dignity and respect.
A passionate advocate of programs for the poor and disabled, Harkin was the principal sponsor of the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990. He was also primarily responsible for the Prevention and Wellness Title of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, which provides more than $1 billion annually in steadily increasing funding for public health activities until fiscal year 2015, when the funding will increase to $2 billion per year.
In What We Have Done: An Oral History of the Disability Rights Movement, Fred Pelka presents the voices of disability rights activists who from 1950 to 1990 transformed how society views people with disabilities, and recounts how the various streams of the movement came together to push through the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, the most sweeping civil rights legislation since passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
According to the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990, any type of anti-disability discrimination is illegal, but many insurance companies avoid violating the law by adding on fees for services disabled individuals might need.
This paper discusses the history and substance of the original Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ("ADA"), (1) the motivations for the passage of the ADA Amendments Act of 2008 ("ADAAA"), (2) the substantive changes effected by ADAAA, and the history and future of coverage for individuals asserting mental disabilities under the original ADA and the post-Amendments Act ADA.
(1) The court must consider, but is not limited by, the provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 in determining whether to provide an accommodation or an appropriate alternative accommodation.
In September, President Bush signed into law amendments to the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 that greatly expand the ADA's coverage by broadening the definition of disability.
Postsecondary educational institutions are, however, required by the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) and by Section 504 of the Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504) to provide equal access to the communication and information that is contained on their Web sites (or other delivery systems) to their students who have disabilities (Edmonds, 2004; Johnson, Brown, Amtmann, & Thompson, 2003).
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) provides people with disabilities the legal right to access transportation and public rights-of-way, including sidewalks and street crossings.
(30.) See id.; see also Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, 42 U.S.C.
Richard Pimentel Ron Livingston Christine Melissa George Art Honeyman Michael Sheen Mike Stoltz Yul Vazquez Mom Rebecca De Mornay Ben Padrow Hector Elizondo Music Within," the decidedly '70s-flavored story of Richard Pimentel, the motivational speaker and writer who helped pass the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990, convincingly delivers the message that disabilities are everyone's concern.

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