Americans with Disabilities Act

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Americans with Disabilities Act,

U.S. civil-rightscivil rights,
rights that a nation's inhabitants enjoy by law. The term is broader than "political rights," which refer only to rights devolving from the franchise and are held usually only by a citizen, and unlike "natural rights," civil rights have a legal as well as a
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 law, enacted 1990, that forbids discrimination of various sorts against persons with physical or mental handicaps. Its primary emphasis is on enabling these persons to enter the job market and remain employed, but it also outlaws most physical barriers in public accommodations, transportation, telecommunications, and government services. Among the protected class are persons with AIDS and substance abusers who are in treatment. Some 50 million current or potential workers are estimated to be covered by the law's provisions. Studies suggest that the number of disabled persons entering the workforce has not improved significantly, and that a contributing factor may be their reluctance to lose (e.g., because personal income would exceed statutory maximums) other benefits available to them on the basis of their disabilities. The act has already been much litigated. In 1999, for instance, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that correctable conditions like eyesight requiring the use of glasses do not qualify as disabilities under the act, and a 2002 decision established that a disability must limit a person's ability to perform tasks of central importance not just in the workplace but in daily life. In response to some interpretations of the act that narrowed its enforcement, Congress enacted amendments in 2008 that were designed to make the law more inclusive.

Americans with Disabilities Act

(ADA)
A federal law that defines requirements for handicapped access to public facilities, as described in the ADA Guidelines. It requires removal of existing barriers, except any that would be harmful to the historic significance of a structure.

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

A federal law, enacted in 1990, requiring that public accommodations be accessible to those having physical disabilities; this law mandates that existing physical barriers be replaced or modified so there are no impediments to access by the physically disabled. For detailed information, write the US Equal Employment Opportunities Commission, 1801 L Street, NW, Washington, DC 20507. See American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Standard A117.1-1992. Also see Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards and physical disability.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 and revised ADA regulations implementing title II and title III.
A passionate advocate of programs for the poor and disabled, Harkin was the principal sponsor of the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990.
In What We Have Done: An Oral History of the Disability Rights Movement, Fred Pelka presents the voices of disability rights activists who from 1950 to 1990 transformed how society views people with disabilities, and recounts how the various streams of the movement came together to push through the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, the most sweeping civil rights legislation since passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
According to the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990, any type of anti-disability discrimination is illegal, but many insurance companies avoid violating the law by adding on fees for services disabled individuals might need.
The definitions encompassed in the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, 42 U.
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) provides people with disabilities the legal right to access transportation and public rights-of-way, including sidewalks and street crossings.
The Rehabilitation Act of 1978 and Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 were bold first steps in ensuring the 20 million considered disabled in the US would be treated equitably, but unemployment of the disabled has remained at about 25 to 30 percent from their enactment to the present.
7653 LIFTON Waives the state's sovereign immunity to liability for violations of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, the Fair Labor Standards Act, the Age Discrimination Act, and the Family and Medical Leave Act; also waives the immunity of all instrumentalities and political subdivisions of the state.
Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) prohibits public entities, including any state government, from excluding from their services, programs, or activities any qualified individuals with a mental or physical disability.
In the United States the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) banned disability discrimination by public or private entities.
election of its first deaf president in 1998, and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 have helped bring awareness to ASL.

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