Amphipolis

(redirected from Amfipoli)

Amphipolis

(ămfĭ`pəlĭs), ancient city of Macedonia, on the Strymon (Struma) River near the sea and NE of later Thessaloníki. The place was known as Ennea Hodoi [nine ways] before it was settled and was of interest because of the gold and silver and timber of Mt. Pangaeus (Pangaion), to which it gave access. Athenian colonists were driven out (c.464 B.C.) by Thracians, but a colony was established in 437 B.C. Amphipolis became one of the major Greek cities on the N Aegean. This colony was captured by Sparta, and BrasidasBrasidas
, d. 422 B.C., Spartan general in the Peloponnesian War. In 424 B.C. he saved Mégara from Athenian attack, and then conducted an able campaign in Thrace, capturing Amphipolis and other cities and greatly weakening the Athenian cause through his military successes
..... Click the link for more information.
 and CleonCleon
, d. 422 B.C., Athenian political leader. The son of a tanner, he had little education; nevertheless, he was a gifted speaker. He began his political career with a series of relentless attacks on Pericles. He was antagonistic to Sparta and successfully opposed (425 B.C.
..... Click the link for more information.
 were both killed in a battle there in 422 B.C. After it was returned to Athens in 421 B.C., it actually had virtual independence until captured (357 B.C.) by Philip IIPhilip II,
382–336 B.C., king of Macedon (359–336 B.C.), son of Amyntas II. While a hostage in Thebes (367–364), he gained much knowledge of Greece and its people.
..... Click the link for more information.
 of Macedon. He had promised to restore it to Athens, and his retention of Amphipolis was a major cause of the war with Athens. In 148 B.C. it became the capital of the Roman province of !Macedonia. Paul, Silas, and Timothy passed through Amphipolis (Acts 17.1). Archaeological excavations have uncovered a number of remains including (beginning in 2012) the largest burial site ever unearthed in Greece. Nearby is the modern Greek village of Amfípoli.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
The burial site borders the ancient Aegean port of Amphipolis (near modern-day Amfipoli), which once served as the base for the fleet that Alexander the Great took on his invasion of Asia.
Principal battles: Sphacteria (island of Pylos) (425); Amphipolis (Amfipolis) (422).
Principal battles: Corinth (Korinthos) (390); Amphipolis (Amfipolis) campaigns (367-364); Embata (355).
456); when the Peloponnesian War broke out (431) he probably took part in some early actions, but was stricken with the plague (430-427); elected strategus (424), he was given command of the fleet based in Thasos that operated along the Thracian coast; failed to prevent the fall of Amphipolis (Amfipolis) to a midwinter attack mounted by the Spartan Brasidas (424); recalled to Athens, where he was tried and exiled; during his exile he began to compile notes for his history of the war; he returned to Athens after the peace (404); there, he worked steadily on his history but died, leaving his masterpiece unfinished (c.