Amhara


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Amhara

1. a region of NW Ethiopia: formerly a kingdom
2. an inhabitant of the former kingdom of Amhara
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Amhara

 

the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia. The Amhara live primarily in the central and northern regions of the country—the provinces of Shoa, Gojjam, and Bagēmder—and also the provinces of Wallo, Arusi, Kaffa, Walagā, Harar, and Sidamo. They speak Amharic. Their numbers have been estimated at 6–7 to 10–11 million people. (More precise calculations are difficult, since today many other peoples speak Amharic.) The Amharas are Monoph-ysitie Christians. (Christianity entered Ethiopia as early as the fourth century A.D.) Their main occupation is farming (maize, sorghum, and legumes); some raise cattle.

REFERENCES

Narody Afriki. Moscow, 1954.
Rait, M. V. Narody Efiopii. Moscow, 1965.
Ullendorff, E. The Ethiopians. London, 1960.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In what the government described as a coup led by regional security chief Asaminew Tsige, Amhara president Am- bachew Mekonnen was killed.
Little aid they know, but at that very moment, a convoy of Asamnew loyalists were advancing toward them through the attractively sun-kissed and palm tree-lined streets of Bahir Dar, Amhara's capital, after Asamnew had somehow got wind of the plan.
The same day, a bodyguard allied to the Amhara nationalist factions also assassinated General Se'are Mekonnen, the Chief of the General Staff of the Ethiopian National Defence Force, together with his aide, Major General Gizae Aberra.The assassinations and the killing of the mastermind of the coup, Brigadier General Asaminew Tsige, signalled the end of Abiy's honeymoon.
Ethnic federalism has reinforced the power struggle between the Big Three - Tigrinya, Amhara and Oromo.
Asaminew had a reputation for hardline ethnic nationalism and had previously called for the Amhara people to have greater autonomy.
Since its founding last year, NAMA has emerged as a rival to the Amhara party in the ruling coalition, which has held power in Ethiopia since 1991.
"We are still investigating but we have our suspicion that those attackers might be the same people who were involved in the coup in Amhara region," he said.
On Saturday, a coup attempt against Amhara regional state government failed, Ethiopian prime minister said on Sunday.
Ethiopian forces had been hunting down Mr Asamnew since soldiers loyal to him on Saturday attacked a meeting of the Amhara government, killing the regional governor and his adviser.
Abiy In a related development, the head of Ethiopia's military was shot dead in the capital Addis Ababa, not long after the attack in Amhara.
Amhara state president Ambachew Mekonnen and his adviser were shot dead and the state's attorney general was wounded in Amhara's capital of Bahir Dar on Saturday evening, according to a statement from the office of PM Abiy Ahmed.
ADDIS ABABA -- The president of Ethiopia's Amhara region and his top adviser were killed in an attempted coup in which the country's army chief was also shot dead, the office of Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said.