Amherst

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Amherst,

town (1991 pop. 9,742), N central N.S., Canada. Amherst has a variety of light industries and is a service center for the surrounding agricultural region. Nearby are salt beds. Across the border in New Brunswick is Fort Beausejour National Historic Park. Sir Charles Tupper, the Canadian statesman, was born in Amherst.

Amherst.

1 Town (2000 pop. 34,874), Hampshire co., central Mass., in a fertile farm area; inc. 1759. Named for Lord Jeffery AmherstAmherst, Jeffery Amherst, Baron
, 1717–97, British army officer. He served in the War of the Austrian Succession and in the early part of the Seven Years War. In 1758 he was sent to America as a major general to lead the Louisburg campaign in the last of the French and
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, it is a college town. Emily Dickinson was born and lived there all her life. Helen Hunt Jackson was also born there, and Ray Stannard Baker, Eugene Field, Robert Frost, and Noah Webster lived in the town. It is the seat of the Univ. of Massachusetts, Hampshire College, and Amherst College. The Eric Carle Museum of Picture Book Art is there.

2 Town (2000 pop. 116,510), Erie co., W N.Y., a large commuter suburb of Buffalo, est. 1818. It contains most of the village of Williamsville (inc. 1850) as well as Eggertsville, Getzville, Snyder, Swormsville, and East Amherst. Like its Massachusetts counterpart, it was named for Lord Amherst. The Erie CanalErie Canal,
artificial waterway, c.360 mi (580 km) long; connecting New York City with the Great Lakes via the Hudson River. Locks were built to overcome the 571-ft (174-m) difference between the level of the river and that of Lake Erie.
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 (1825) passed along the town's northern edge and encouraged settlement, largely by Germans who creaed a thriving farming community. Bungalows began to be built in the 1920s, and today Amherst is primarily residential. It is the site of the main campus of SUNY's Univ. at Buffalo, of Daemen College, and of campuses of Medaille and Canisius colleges.

Amherst

Jeffrey, 1st Baron Amherst. 1717--97, British general who defeated the French in Canada (1758--60): governor general of British North America (1761--63)