see Pure Land BuddhismPure Land Buddhism
or Amidism,
devotional sect of Mahayana Buddhism in China and Japan, centering on worship of the Buddha Amitabha. According to the Pure Land Sutras, composed in India in the 2d cent. A.D.
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By the Ming period (1368 - 1644), it had lost its vitality and had become mixed with the Pure Land School, or Amidism.
New forms of Buddhism, notably Amidism and Zen, arose during this era; new literary forms developed, centering on military chronicles that reflected the uncertainties of a period of incessant warfare and natural disasters.
Amidism emphasizes salvation through the devout repetition of a simple liturgical phrase.